[February Tournament 2022] On balance, colleges and universities in the United States do more harm than good.
All stages have been completed. The voting points distribution and the result are presented below.
With 2 votes and 2 points ahead, the winner is ...
- Publication date
- Last update date
- Time for argument
- Three days
- Voting system
- Open voting
- Voting period
- One week
- Point system
- Winner selection
- Rating mode
- Characters per argument
On balance, colleges and universities in the United States do more harm than good in the United states.
This is for the febuary debate tournament
Controlling for socioeconomic status, the large disparities in achievement between black and white students were almost entirely due to differences in the qualifications of their teachers.
- Primary education that is free, compulsory and universal
- Secondary education, including technical and vocational, that is generally available, accessible to all and progressively free
- Higher education, accessible to all on the basis of individual capacity and progressively free
- Adequate fellowship system and material condition for teaching staff
- Freedom of choice
- Increased Access to Job Opportunities
- Preparation for a Specialized Career
- Increased Marketability
- Increased Earning Potential
- Economic Stability
- Networking Opportunities
- A Pathway to Advancement
- Personal Growth and Improved Self-Esteem
- Higher Job Satisfaction.
- Positive Return on Investment
In other words, the $28,000in state and local investment results in $355,000 reduced governmentspending and increased tax revenues across all levels of government. 
The education and training of a country’s workforce is a major factor in determining how well the country’s economy will perform. Differences in training levels are a significant factor that separates developed and developing countries. All companies benefit from the external factor of having a skilled labor pool from which to hire employees. [ibid]
- Colleges and universities cultivate entrepreneurship and incubate new businesses. Those who attend college are twice as likely to own a small business. In the last two decades colleges and universities have allocated facilities, technology, and research to 11,000 new business ventures
- Colleges and universities ignite innovation. From 1996 to 2015, technology transfer from universities sparked development of more than 380,000 new inventions, contributed $591 billion to the national GDP, and supported 4.3 million jobs.
- In fact, 9 out of 10 U.S. patent holders have bachelor’s degrees, and nearly half have professional or doctoral degrees.
- One million international students study at American colleges and universities over the course of a year, contributing $36.9 billion to the U.S. economy and supporting more than 450,000 jobs.
- Overall, U.S. colleges and universities employ 3.98 million people, or more than 2.5 percent of the population.
- Colleges and universities set a higher standard. As they create a more educated labor market, colleges and universities essentially increase wages of all workers
If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants-- Isaak Newton
- For 80% of students, and according to the facts, there is no such thing as a wasted degree
- Degree inflation, racial hierachies and generational poverty are caused by external factors such as funding and hiring policies, not by colleges and universities
- Degrees benefit the individual immensely, and not only in their work life. They become great resources for society.
- Skilled, educated workers produced by colleges and universities radically improve and reinforce the economy
- Colleges and Universities have a wide range of positive economic impacts; and their existence is demanded by the human rights agreement
- Science and innovation is driven mainly by universities, both scientific geniouses and brilliant patent-seeking innovators first get a higher education
- Increased Access to Job Opportunities: This is what leads to generational poverty for those who are excluded.
- Preparation for a Specialized Career: This is blatantly false, most go into unrelated fields.
- Increased Marketability: This is literally just code for, “companies don’t hire people without a credential.”
- Increased Earning Potential: Based on what? Degree inflation.
- Economic Stability: Again, this only serves to prove my points.
- Networking Opportunities: This just creates an elite class of credentialed people.
- A Pathway to Advancement: Again, this is artificial, and only based on degree inflation. Every college could disappear from the face of the earth, and people would still be promoted, but it would probably be based on skill rather than a credential.
- Personal Growth and Improved Self-Esteem: This is hardly an impact, and certainly can not be considered as such when considering America as a whole.
- Higher Job Satisfaction: Because you are credentialed and are more likely to get a job than someone who is poor and could not go to college.
- Positive Return on Investment: Again, this just plays into my generational poverty disadvantage.
The authors estimated that just 27 percent of college grads had a job that was closely related to their major. It's not clear that this is a big labor-market problem. (You can find Abel and Dietz's longer paper here, and note that they are excluding people with graduate degrees in this second chart — so no doctors, lawyers, college professors, etc.) There's an important twist here, too. The chances of finding a job related to your degree or major go up a few points if you move to a big city. My specific math degree doesn't really come in handy for journalism all that often, but college itself was still useful.". [PRO's source number 3]
Each year, the United States fails to educate thousands of black engineers, who could be among the nation’s highest earners, and thousands of Hispanic educators, who could be helping young black and Hispanic students feel more confident and do better in school. In addition to the lost potential to improve economic prospects for thousands of black and Hispanic families, this creates a competitive disadvantage for the United States and risks leaving scientific breakthroughs undiscovered. [PRO's source number 8]
The racial wealth gap has remained one of the clearest examples of racist policies and practices. The typical White family has a net worth of 10 times more than that of a Black family, illustrating their significant barriers to opportunity. It takes wealth to make wealth, but Black Americans have not benefited from inter-generational access to capital and finance.
According to con, there is 531 billion dollars in growth… Over 19 years.
Georgians have long viewed higher education as the fastest path to a brighter future, but new research shows how college graduates also fuel the state’s economic engine. The lifetime earnings of each new four-year college graduate will increase Georgia’s gross domestic product by almost $2 million. 
- There is no causal link between universities/colleges and degree inflation. Economists think the problem is recent and caused by external factors [R1]
- Racial hierachy is according to PRO's own source a result of a plethora of resons --- but colleges and universities were never mentioned.
- Generational poverty is complex and involves a complete imballance of resources and services on large scales. Colleges and universities are less effective when they receive less funding and their students are reluctant to spend effort or money to gain the best degrees. PRO's source never claims that colleges or universities cause generational poverty.
- NONE OF PRO'S SOURCES SUPPORT THE RESOLUTION OR ANY OF PRO'S ARGUMENTS DIRECTLY
- The benefits of universities and colleges are overwhelming
- Higher incomes and tax revenues, more helpfull people
- More productive workers, more new companies and more inventions
- We need highly educated people to perform jobs that require high degrees of education
- Our economy is dependant upon science and innovation, which colleges and universities constantly output
- Without colleges and universites, the US would break the human rights agreement and fall into deep stagnation on all important social fronts