What is it?
What Is A Judicial Voting System
Here's the pending update for the information center:
By default debates use the open voting system, in which anyone may vote. If opting for a judicial decision, specific judges are invited. Similar to a direct challenge, if any decline judging, the debate will cease and automatically delete itself.
And from the draft of the upcoming voting policy update (to be voted on with a ton of other changes):
Opening Voting vs. Judicial DecisionEach debate here uses one of two voter assignment systems: Open Voting (the default), or Judicial Decision. Under Open Voting any member eligible to vote, may do so freely within the voting period (from a minimum of one week, to a maximum of six months). Judicial Decision debates have pre-selected judges, and the voting period closes immediately upon their votes being cast.Reported votes will be reviewed by the moderation team for either, but with the uncertain time window of Judicial Decision debates, as well as the pre-selection of specific voters (presumably with their habits known), their votes are naturally held to a slightly lower standard.To be clear, the act of casting votes on DebateArt.com is not treated like common popular voting, but instead reasoned judgements.