Describe your general ideology when it comes to foreign policy; particularly looking for answers from the perspective of the United States.
I think it's obvious that the U.S. needs to remain the world's dominant superpower. But at the same time, I think the U.S. foreign policy establishment has made a lot of terrible decisions in its pursuit of that goal, and we need to seriously question some of its methods. For example, what purpose is served by acting as the world's "human rights" police? Is endless military engagement really the best way to counter the spread of radical Islam? What if normalizing relations with Russia is more important than expanding NATO? Why aren't we paying more attention to the rise of China?
(1) What should US foreign policy toward Israel be? What is your general opinion of the Israel-Palestine conflict?
Israel is basically a U.S. satellite state. In order to maintain a solid foothold within the Middle East, I think we should keep it that way. As for the conflict, it's very clear that Israelis and Palestinians hate each other too much to live under a single state. A two-state solution is the answer, but both sides have been refusing to compromise for decades. The only viable option is to pile economic sanctions onto the Palestinian Authority until it caves.
(2) What should US foreign policy toward Saudi Arabia be? Specifically, should it continue military cooperation/arms sales with Saudi Arabia? Should it support the ongoing intervention in Yemen?
We need to maintain our alliance with Saudi Arabia -- they provide us with a lot of vital counter-terrorism intelligence, and more importantly, any attempt at reforming Islam will require Saudi leadership. However, maintaining the alliance doesn't necessarily mean supporting their cold war with Iran. I actually think we should seek to normalize relations with Iran and pressure Saudi Arabia to do the same. I don't buy that Iran is intrinsically hostile towards us, and I don't buy it with Russia either. In both cases, the hostility is rooted mostly in our own past overreaches.
(3) What should US foreign policy toward Myanmar be?
I'm generally opposed to "human rights" interventions. But we don't really have any higher foreign policy priorities at stake in Myanmar, and it's such a small country that minor economic sanctions would probably be enough to do the job. When such an opportunity presents itself, we should take it.
(4) Should the US engage in drone strikes? Do you agree with the status quo in terms of drone strikes and with Obama's policies in that regard?
Drone strikes are certainly preferable to boots on the ground, but I think it's time to acknowledge that military force has not been an effective approach to eradicating radical Islam. It may have even been counter-productive. We should shift our focus to Islamic reformation.
(5) What is your opinion of Noam Chomsky's foreign policy positions? (6) What is your opinion of the foreign policy positions of Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, and Bernie Sanders? (7) What is your opinion of the foreign policy positions of Robert Gates?
Noam Chomsky is a crackpot. He seems to believe that the very idea of American hegemony is inherently evil.
Donald Trump has a mixed record. I like where he's going on some areas (e.g. China, North Korea), not so much on others (e.g. Iran, Syria, Ukraine).
Hillary Clinton is the embodiment of the U.S. foreign policy establishment. She would have made none of the necessary changes to our foreign policy.
Bernie Sanders' foreign policy positions are probably the closest to mine out of all the people you named.
I'm not familiar with Robert Gates or his views.