Genesis creation & Darwin’s evolution theory co-cooperate
The debate is finished. The distribution of the voting points and the winner are presented below.
After 1 vote and with 6 points ahead, the winner is...
- Publication date
- Last updated date
- Number of rounds
- Time for argument
- Three days
- Max argument characters
- Voting period
- Two weeks
- Point system
- Multiple criterions
- Voting system
I contend that the Genesis creation text co-cooperates with Darwin’s evolution theory, as documented in On the Origin of Species, of natural selection. That is, the argument is not whether creation or evolution combat for the truth, as if two separate sides of a coin, but that both co-cooperate in the truth that creation and evolution both explain “…God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and fowl of the air, …and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.” And “There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers…” as if two features on the same side of one coin.
Creation: The earth and heaven are created by gods [plural, as designated by Genesis 1: 26], intelligent and purposeful, perfect beings. All plants and animals, as then developed in their kind, were created, but creation continues in the guise of evolution.
Evolution: the ongoing process of creation wherein, by natural selection [natural and random genetic varietal expression], both continuing varieties of life forms, and development of new life forms, is a constant, continuing process.
fauxlaw wrote...God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and fowl of the air, …and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.”[i] And “There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers…”[ii] as if two features on the same side of one coin.
Darwinism is a theory of biological evolution.
developed by the English naturalist Charles Darwin
all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual's ability to compete, survive, and reproduce.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations. These characteristics are the expressions of genes that are passed on from parent to offspring during reproduction. Different characteristics tend to exist within any given population as a result of mutation, genetic recombination and other sources of genetic variation. Evolution occurs when evolutionary processes such as natural selection (including sexual selection) and genetic drift act on this variation, resulting in certain characteristics becoming more common or rare within a population. It is this process of evolution that has given rise to biodiversity at every level of biological organisation, including the levels of species, individual organisms and molecules
Richard Feynman once said, "I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics."
Yahweh, creates Adam, the first man, from dust and places him in the Garden of Eden, where he is given dominion over the animals. Eve, the first woman, is created from Adam and as his companion.
Borrowing themes from Mesopotamian mythology, but adapting them to the Israelite people's belief in one God,
fauxlaw wrote...I will argue, first, that “God” is a title of a man, a holy man, and not His name; similar to “person” is a title of an animal, not its name, and whose specific name might be “Adam,” and “Eve.”
In the Hebrew Bible, the word elohim sometimes refers to a single deity, particularly (but not always) the Jewish God
The word is identical to the usual plural form of the word el, which means gods or magistrates, and it is cognate to the word 'l-h-m which is found in Ugaritic, where it is used as the pantheon for Canaanite gods, the children of El,
3 And God said: 'Let there be light.
Genesis affirms monotheism and denies polytheism
Monotheism is the belief in one god.
is the worship of or belief in multiple deities
The commandments include instructions to have no other gods before him
fauxlaw wrote...Genesis 1 describes a creation, or organization of materials in six “days,” [I prefer the closer understanding of the Hebrew יום [yom], as not a 24-hour period, but as a “period” of undefined length.
King Ptolemy once gathered 72 Elders. He placed them in 72 chambers, each of them in a separate one, without revealing to them why they were summoned. He entered each one's room and said: "Write for me the Torah of Moshe, your teacher". God put it in the heart of each one to translate identically as all the others did.
It can also be regarded as ancient history, "part of a broader spectrum of originally anonymous, history-like ancient Near Eastern narratives."
Genesis 1–2 can be seen as ancient science: in the words of E.A. Speiser, "on the subject of creation biblical tradition aligned itself with the traditional tenets of Babylonian science."
God said:Con argues that “there is no mention of God.” I presume he means by the citation given, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darwinism. However, that very reference includes the statement, “It is therefore considered the belief and acceptance of Darwin's and of his predecessors' work, in place of other theories, including divine design and extraterrestrial origins.”[bolding added for emphasis] I submit that phrase qualifies as “mention of God,” even though the intent is to distinguish and diminish a design by purposeful creation opposed to a random design of evolution. By definition, Genesis is as germane to the debate as Darwin’s Origin…and both more germane than a third party. Variations of “God said” exist in multiple examples in Genesis, alone, and it is irrelevant that a third party says otherwise.
In the image of God:Further, my opponent declares that a quote from his source [same as above], and not, take note, from Darwin, himself, says there is no mention of man being made in the image of God. First, there is a quote direct from Darwin acknowledging the action of God, which I quoted in my first round: “There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms, or into one…; and are being, evolved.”[i]
Darwin, himself, acknowledges “the Creator,” and further describes his proposed evolutionary process by a singular image in his volume, the design of speciation represented by a tree; branching of species, already branched separately from a brief period of a single form [a “common ancestor”], and not progressing in a linear,scala natura as some interpret Darwin, before and after, such as Con’s sources.Multiple branches of forms, each expressing change by generational alteration in each branch.[ii]
The final, most elegant of both creation and evolution, in consideration of all branches, is man, the ultimate form [he appears, on the tree as the highest of all branches].[iii]It follows that by creation’s description, man is in the image of God as His last and most cherished created form, just as God said, and as Darwin graphically presented.
Mesopotamia:Con introduces Mesopotamian text, more ancient than Moses’ Genesis, as evidence that there is no acknowledgement of a scientific allowance for “the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.”
I refer the reader to a discussion on the point of science and religion, and their relative, cooperative natures. “To the extent that such questions provoke a constructive engagement of scientific and religious ideas, they are an expression of an interaction approach to science and religion.”[iv] “Interaction.” According to the OED, this means, “Reciprocal action; action or influence of persons or things on each other. Also attributive.”[v]To the extent possible, this implies a cooperative effort, as the question of the debate imposes.
Quantum Mechanics:Quoting from Con’s source, he declares, “Quantum Mechanics is a fundamental theory in physics describing the properties of nature.” Fine; an acceptable commentary, for a theory. But why, then, does Con immediately argue, following the theory by another quote from the same source: “Richard Feynman once said, ‘I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics.’”Seems the argument fails on these opposing quotes, alone.
The Name of God:That my opponent further parses the name of God is of no consequence. Con argues the name, Elohim. This is a name I did not bother to mention. I can argue that His name may be Jim; but it is singularly irrelevant to this debate. Con argues further by quoting my argument, “I will argue, first, that “God” is the title of a man, a holy man, and not his name…” [bold added for emphasis] Then, Con argues “Now… my opponent is perhaps trying to imply that “God” was the name of a Scientist…” Note, dear readers, the contradictive argument. I tried no such thing, as my original statement said, “God” is a title, not a name.
I planted this first argument because I assumed my opponent would argue this very point as evidence that creation is a hoax, merely by the reference to God, by name or title, and that evolution is not a hoax by merely ignoring God, by name or title [only it doesn’t do that, either]. This attempt denies the point of the debate: co-cooperation, but it fails by declaring my argument as the reverse of what it is.
One God, or many:I find this argument is also irrelevant. Does it matter? No. But, to Con’s argument, “And God said, Let there be light”[vi]as if there is but one God. Con ignores the potential necessity of God saying anything at all. To whom was he speaking as He brought light? Himself? I will clarify: “And God said, Let usmake man in ourown image, after our likeness…”[vii]Again, why does God say anything at all if He is in solitary while conducting the Creation? No, He is clearly with an assembled body of creator and assistants, and because he says, “Let usmake man…” [bold for emphasis] He is acknowledging that those with Him have the same godly powers as He possesses. Of these gods, he is also in charge of the project. The whole of it refutes Con’s argument that “Genesis affirms monotheism and denies polytheism,” in spite of his later claim, “The commandments include instructions to have no other gods before him.” Of course. That is because the gods of creation are subordinate, with regard to Creation, to the project leader, and He continues in that leadership, as expressed by Exodus 20. “…no other gods before me” also had reference to the pattern of men to fashion idols.[viii]
So, let’s proceed with additive argument:
The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil:“And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.”[ix] On first pass, this appears to be a firm command prohibiting the eating of the fruit of the tree of knowledge; an absolute prohibition with all the strength of the future command, “Thou shalt not kill.”[x]However, a careful read, grammatically, reveals a far different understanding: it is a test of free agency. The command begins, “Of every treethou mayest freely eat…” [bold for emphasis]. Only then is a condition set for just one tree; that of bearing fruit that gives knowledge, conditional on that knowledge leading to death, “in that day.”
Satan rightly later told Eve that “in that day”did not imply an immediate death. Was Satan implying that “day” was to be understood in the context presented in my round 1 that the Hebrew “yom” was to be the preferred understanding; an undetermined period of time?
Regardless, our understanding is that Adam and Eve, prior to eating the fruit of knowledge, had no understanding of specific knowledge; that of good and evil. And now, having eaten, they did.
One reference to why humans age and die states: “The more likely it is that you're dead, [or, I submit, in a dying process]the less your genes care about you… This has been going on throughout our evolutionary history… we've accumulated… weird malfunctions that kick in late in our lives. The human genome is riddled with them, and most of the genes involved are also part of normal development and reproduction. These malfunctions cluster around a certain age: the age when evolution stops caring about us.”[xi]These limitations generally occur beyond our ability to pass on genes in any event, so the general effect of generational evolution is also thwarted. Thus, both creation, and evolution acknowledge death, and even extinction, as eventual products of living. They are, by purpose and natural selection, a feature of life.
I contend that an evolutionary change occurred in Adam and Eve, perhaps one of limiting the length of telomeres, the tissue at each end of a DNA molecule that protect the DNA against mutation.[xii]Without telomeres, the DNA strand readily mutates, and can no longer resist aging.[xiii]The natural consequence of aging, in virtually all life forms, is death.[xiv]Biblically, we have no knowledge whatsoever regarding the length of time Adam and Eve spent in Eden, nor how long it was until they were banished from Eden after they partook of the fruit of knowledge. Evolutionary time? A “yom?” Within a literal 24 hours? Who knows? I contend that Genesis is cooperative with Evolution. We are told biblically that Adam endured 935 years,[xv]but it does not really matter. The effective evolution of Adam toward death was at least, by biblical reference, nearly 1,000 years. We have certainly seen natural evolution effect changes within that span of time.[xvi]
fauxlaw wrote....In the image of God: Further, my opponent declares that a quote from his source [same as above], and not, take note, from Darwin, himself, says there is no mention of man being made in the image of God. First, there is a quote direct from Darwin acknowledging the action of God, which I quoted in my first round: “There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms, or into one…; and are being, evolved.”[i]Darwin, himself, acknowledges “the Creator,”
Darwin's family tradition was nonconformist Unitarianism
In English church history, a Nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.
Both families were largely Unitarian, though the Wedgwoods were adopting Anglicanism. Robert Darwin, himself quietly a freethinker,
Freethought is an epistemological viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed only on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma. According to the Oxford English Dictionary
freethinking is most closely linked with secularism, atheism, agnosticism, anti-clericalism, and religious critique
When going to Cambridge to become an Anglican clergyman, he did not doubt the literal truth of the Bible.
He learned John Herschel's science which, like William Paley's natural theology, sought explanations in laws of nature rather than miracles and saw adaptation of species as evidence of design
By his return, he was critical of the Bible as history,
In the next few years, while intensively speculating on geology and the transmutation of species, he gave much thought to religion and openly discussed this with his wife Emma, whose beliefs also came from intensive study and questioning.
To Darwin, natural selection produced the good of adaptation but removed the need for design,
and he could not see the work of an omnipotent deity in all the pain and suffering, such as the ichneumon wasp paralysing caterpillars as live food for its eggs.
Though he thought of religion as a tribal survival strategy,
Darwin remained close friends with the vicar of Downe, John Brodie Innes, and continued to play a leading part in the parish work of the church, but from around 1849 would go for a walk on Sundays while his family attended church. He considered it "absurd to doubt that a man might be an ardent theist and an evolutionist"
The "Lady Hope Story", published in 1915, claimed that Darwin had reverted to Christianity on his sickbed.
The claims were repudiated by Darwin's children and have been dismissed as false by historians.[
fauxlaw wrote....Mesopotamia:Con introduces Mesopotamian text, more ancient than Moses’ Genesis, as evidence that there is no acknowledgement of a scientific allowance for “the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
The myth begins with humans being created by the mother goddess Mami to lighten the gods' workload. She made them out of a mixture of clay, flesh, and blood from a slain god.
fauxlaw wrote...But why, then, does Con immediately argue, following the theory by another quote from the same source: “Richard Feynman once said, ‘I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics.’”Seems the argument fails on these opposing quotes, alone.
fauxtlaw wrote....That my opponent further parses the name of God is of no consequence. Con argues the name, Elohim. This is a name I did not bother to mention. I can argue that His name may be Jim; but it is singularly irrelevant to this debate. Con argues further by quoting my argument, “I will argue, first, that “God” is the title of a man, a holy man, and not his name…”
fauxlaw wrote...I contend that an evolutionary change occurred in Adam and Eve
Khormusan industry was a Paleolithic archeological industry in Egypt and Sudan dated at 42,000 to 18,000 BP
Between 65,000 BC and 35,000 BC northern Iraq was home to a Neanderthal culture,
there have been various suggestions for its location: at the head of the Persian Gulf, in southern Mesopotamia (now Iraq)
fauxlaw wrote...Yet my opponent seems fixed on the subject to the exclusion of debating the co-cooperation of Genesis and Evolution.
The Protestant Reformation inspired a literal interpretation of the Bible, with concepts of creation that conflicted with the findings of an emerging science
After the turmoil of the English Civil War, the Royal Society wanted to show that science did not threaten religious and political stability.
In Britain, William Paley's Natural Theology saw adaptation as evidence of beneficial "design" by the Creator acting through natural laws. All naturalists in the two English universities (Oxford and Cambridge) were Church of England clergymen, and science became a search for these laws.
In later editions of the book, Darwin traced evolutionary ideas as far back as Aristotle
Along with his teacher Plato, he has been called the "Father of Western Philosophy".
the Hebrew Torah was translated into Greek at the request of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285–247 BCE)
Aristotle 384 – 322 BC
Note, however, that his use of the term science carries a different meaning than that covered by the term "scientific method". For Aristotle, "all science is either practical, poetical or theoretical" His practical science includes ethics and politics; his poetical science means the study of fine arts including poetry; his theoretical science covers physics, mathematics and metaphysics.
Aristotle's writings can seem to modern readers close to implying evolution, but while Aristotle was aware that new mutations or hybridizations could occur, he saw these as rare accidents.
To put his views into modern terms, he nowhere says that different species can have a common ancestor, or that one kind can change into another, or that kinds can become extinct.
the text he cites is a summary by Aristotle of the ideas of the earlier Greek philosopher Empedocles.
Empedocles 494 – c. 434 BC
fauxlaw wroteIt was just observed, and documented. By Darwin, not by Aristotle, or anyone following his straight-line theory of progression.
fauxlaw wrote“And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
God blessed them and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground."
ויברך אתם אלהים ויאמר להם אלהים פרו ורבו ומלאו את־הארץ וכבשה ורדו בדגת הים ובעוף השמים ובכל־חיה הרמשת על־הארץWayəḇāreḵ ’ōṯām ’ĕlōhîm, wayyō’mer lāhem ’ĕlōhîm, "Pərû, ûrəḇû, ûmilə’û ’eṯ-hā’āreṣ, wəḵiḇəšuhā; ûrəḏû biḏəg̱aṯ hayyām, ûḇə‘ôp̱ haššāmayim, ûḇəḵāl-ḥayyāh hārōmeśeṯ ‘al-hā’āreṣ."
Bless ye God, and say unto them, God prostrate and fill the earth, and conquer the rose of the sea, and of the fowl, and of every beast that rams in the earth.
Fifth dayAnd God said: 'Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let fowl fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.' 21 And God created the great sea-monsters, and every living creature that creepeth, wherewith the waters swarmed, after its kind, and every winged fowl after its kind; and God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying: 'Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.' 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
The earliest known life-forms on Earth are putative fossilized microorganisms, found in hydrothermal vent precipitates, that may have lived as early as 4.28 billion years ago, relatively soon after the oceans formed 4.41 billion years ago, and not long after the formation of the Earth 4.54 billion years ago.
Nevertheless, by Con’s argument, we are led, once again, on an extended journey beyond the confines of the debate subject by an exhaustive review of the comparative differences in the Protestant Reformation, and its “literal interpretation of the Bible,” which did not allow Science to “threaten religion nor [sic] politics, for obvious reasons,” the which are further explained by a still more exhaustive discussion of Aristotle, and the relatively late translation of the Hebrew Torah into the Septuagint by request of Ptolemy II [in the throws of the end of the majestic Egyptian Empire, now fallen on hard times, the Torah is translated into Greek, not into Egyptian Demotic, itself, evolved from New Kingdom Egyptian hieroglyphics, in which I am fluent. Ptolemy II was Greek by ancestry, not Egyptian – and thus the Torah was not translated into Egyptian Demotic], and round again to Aristotle as a more correct interpretation of the Holy Bible, even though Aristotle’s “Science” did not match our current interpretation of it, even considering the 19th century’s view of science. And, finally, that Genesis is but a poor cousin to Abiogenesis, whatever that is.
However, none of it is relevant to our poor subject at hand, to which my opponent generously agreed to discuss on the merit of my proposed definitions of “creation” and “evolution,” and has discussed everything but, to wit, that Genesis and Evolution co-cooperate, the latter proposed by Charles Darwin, who still appears to be a bit player according to Con, who will not quote him in favor of others who talk about him.
In fact, Con even digresses into an argument offered entirely in Hebrew, and repeated phonetically, as if we readers are all fluent in the same. Would you appreciate an argument in hieroglyphs? Fun, maybe, to look at, but debate is not a graphic environment. However, Con’s argument is based on another foray into Wiki, so it is all okay, according to Con. Well, that whole argument of “cultural mandate,” the real subject of this version of Con’s argument, since Con is so devoted to time, and sequence, as a matter of pattern recognition, this “cultural mandate” dates from 1973 by its author, H.W. Mare. I perceive that post-dates both Genesis, and On the Origin of Species,and would, therefore, impose a type not reflective of either volume. Never mind, we are offered an English translation by Wiki, our faithful lap dog, although Con did not bother to offer it, and it is essentially Genesis 1: 28, however you wish to parse that in various English translations.
My opponent even generously offers, “…it is unlikely, given what we actually do know about genuine Scientific understanding at that time [which time – the Torah, or Darwinism, or “cultural mandate?”],that the Torah was a blueprint for Darwinism.” I agree, the Torah would represent a very poor blueprint, but we’re not debating the relative blueprints of creation and evolution, but merely their common ground, regardless of origin. We have, simply, a document alleged to be “the Word of God,” but we need not even debate its authenticity, but merely that it makes commentary on creation, and another document we are reasonably certain is the Word of Charles Darwin, but we need not debate its authenticity, either, but merely that it makes commentary on evolution. Now, are there intersections of two common roads such that they cross paths, so to speak, regardless of their relative origins or destinations? Hence, road trips of the nature taken by my opponent are completely irrelevant.
Let us take, as a final Pro argument of the co-cooperation of Creation and Evolution, in the respective examples of Moses’ Genesis and Darwin’s On the Origin of Species, passages from Genesis 3: 6, and from Darwin’s Origin Chapter 11, “Instinct,” and see, therein still another cooperative endeavor. Let’s call this one, after Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Basis Needs,”[ii]
“And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.”[iii ]If it is that good to body and soul - and what really great food is not? – why not eat it?
In this wise did Adam and Eve “fall;” that is, by transgression of one law among three, and they were forced out of Eden, into the dreary world where their lives would have suffering and pain, sorry and misery, but would also experience joy and fulfillment. Why? Note that a careful read of Genesis reveals that, all during their sojourn in Eden, they did not ever “multiply and replenish the earth;” they had no children until their banishment from the Garden. Considering that both creation and evolution kind of depend on the passing of genes from one generation to the next, the Fall presents a considerable necessity, a paradigm shift, and a favorable mutation in Adam and Eve, as discussed in hte previous round.
Considering the blessing of children as, later, Proverbs advises, was the lot of Adam and Eve truly a “Fall” from grace, or was it really an entry into it? The question poses a different observation than traditionally held by practitioners of the typical Christian view that Adam and Eve sinned, and that we bear their scar. Rather, I contend that “transgression” is not the equivalent of sin [and they are responsible for their sins, not ever us]; that it is an inferior infraction, a violation not of God’s commands, but a violation of natural law, such as violating the law of gravity by falling off a roof. But a greater law was served in the process: to “multiply and replenish the earth.” By just the later witness in Proverbs that children are the fulfillment of “multiply and replenish the earth,”and provide the means for the “Fall” to be, instead, “…identified as the ‘beginning of the rise of man.’”[v]
Did Darwin ever write about such reasoning as Eve considered in partaking of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge? As it happens, he did, though he may have been unaware of it. We are, in his eighth chapter, “Instinct,” told the following observation:
“One of the strongest instances of an animal apparently performing an action for the sole good of another…, is that of aphides voluntarily yielding…, their sweet excretion to ants: that they do so voluntarily, the following facts show.”[vi] For brevity, Darwin proceeded to describe this aphides/ants phenomenon as instinctual, by both aphides and ants, wherein he decided to separate the two species by experiment, and discovered that, with the ants withdrawn, the aphides no longer excreted their sweet juice; “not one.” With a single ant allowed back into the company of aphides, they began, once again, to excrete with eager animation.
The parallel with the Genesis story, replacing the tree for the aphid, and the pleasure derived by Eve, replacing the ant, is unmistakable, though likely not envisioned by Darwin. Not to mention the purpose in providing a nourishing meal for both ant and Eve, for the ongoing survival of all species involved. The tree, in the Genesis story, having fulfilled its role in the “rise of man” to mortality by the gift of “the mother of all living,”[vii] we perceive that the tree performed its purpose, and was likely replaced with the “grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers [creation and evolution, in co-cooperation?]… from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved.”[viii] And are still evolving today, as evidenced in my small fruit tree orchard, two separate varieties of apricot, one nectarine, one apple and one cherry. Grand, indeed.
fauxlaw wrote...Con has seen fit to draw virtually exclusively from one source, Wikipedia, of which Wikipedia, itself, says the following: “Wikipedia does not consider itself to be a reliable source,” because Wiki allows anyone to post anything to create, or edit a subject with little verification of information other than dependence on other posters, who, themselves, may not be credentialed.
The reliability of Wikipedia has frequently been questioned and often assessed.
Incidents of conflicted editing, and the use of Wikipedia for 'revenge editing' (inserting false, defamatory or biased statements into biographies) have attracted publicity.
A study in the journal Nature said that in 2005, Wikipedia's scientific articles came close to the level of accuracy in Encyclopædia Britannica and had a similar rate of "serious errors".
Between 2008 and 2012, Wikipedia articles on medical and scientific fields such as pathology, toxicology, oncology, pharmaceuticals, and psychiatry were compared to professional and peer-reviewed sources and it was found that Wikipedia's depth and coverage were of a high standard
Because Wikipedia is open to anonymous and collaborative editing, assessments of its reliability often examine how quickly false or misleading information is removed. A study conducted by IBM researchers in 2003—two years following Wikipedia's establishment—found that "vandalism is usually repaired extremely quickly—so quickly that most users will never see its effects"
False information has sometimes lasted for a long time on Wikipedia. In May 2005, an editor sparked controversy by creating an article about John Seigenthaler that included false and defamatory statements. The inaccurate information remained uncorrected for four months. A biographical article on French Wikipedia portrayed a "Léon-Robert de L'Astran" as an 18th-century anti-slavery ship owner, which led Ségolène Royal, a presidential candidate, to praise him. A student investigation determined that the article was a hoax and de L'Astran had never existed.
Many academics distrust Wikipedia, but may see it as a valuable jumping off point for research, with many of the reliable sources used in its articles generally seen as legitimate sources for more in-depth information and use in assigned papers. For this reason some academics suggest ‘Verifiability by respected sources’ as an indicator for assessing the quality of Wikipedia articles at the higher education level.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Encyclopædia Britannica disputed the Nature study, and Nature replied with a formal response and point-by-point rebuttal of Britannica's main objections.
fauxlaw wrote...the latter proposed by Charles Darwin, who still appears to be a bit player according to Con, who will not quote him in favor of others who talk about him.
Charles Darwin was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
God-guided evolution are views that regard religious teachings about God as compatible with modern scientific understanding about biological evolution. Theistic evolution is not in itself a scientific theory, but a range of views about how the science of general evolution relates to religious beliefs in contrast to special creation views.
fauxlaw wrote....Let us take, as a final Pro argument of the co-cooperation of Creation and Evolution, in the respective examples of Moses’ Genesis and Darwin’s On the Origin of Species, passages from Genesis 3: 6, and from Darwin’s Origin Chapter 11, “Instinct,” and see, therein still another cooperative endeavor. Let’s call this one, after Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Basis Needs,”“And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.” If it is that good to body and soul - and what really great food is not? – why not eat it?
fauxlaw wrote...I contend that the Genesis creation text co-cooperates with Darwin’s evolution theory, as documented in On the Origin of Species, of natural selection.
About three months downstream from the conclusion of this debate, I reviewed it and noted an interesting commentary that concluded my opponent's 4th and last round:
"So please everyone. remember, this debate was not about whether or not "a God" (intelligent designer) is compatible with the evolution theory. I would actually argue that evolution theory neither proves intelligent design, nor disproves it.
However this debate was about whether or not the Genesis creation texts are compatible with any modern science book. And my opponent has completely failed to even remotely prove this."
I will remind all that the claim that I failed to prove compatibility of Genesis to "any modern science book" is not only a fallacy of interpretation, but a violation of understanding the debate proposal which was, "Genesis creation & Darwin’s evolution theory co-cooperate." My opponent declared that he did not need to argue Darwin, and threw to us, instead, "modern science books." But the debate WAS about "Darwin's evolution" and not modern science. As the proposal defines the parameters of the debate, and it cannot be changed by the whim of either participant, it remains the subject on which the debate is waged.
This type of debates are really intriguing.
Fauxlaw's really energetic when it comes to biblical debates.
Congratulations to fauxlaw
Well, you hold onto your 24-hour day. It appears precious. But, you must remember it continues to expand in length, even as we speak...
I am not a Christian? News to me. But, thanks for your excommunication. Sorry, not recognized.
If you look at Genesis 1:6, "God called the light “day,” and the darkness He called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day." He continues to say, "And there was evening, and there was morning—the ______ day for the next days. I'm a simple man, its sounds to me like a day is governed by the Sun and Moon, 24 hours?
At any rate, it's not a "hill" I'm willing to die on, like some Doctrines such as Soteriology. I would like to debate it though, I think that would be fun, but it would have to be with another Christian.
How do you define "a day?" It's relative scholastically, but, does it really matter in the end since I'll wager you believe God is omnipotent? Or, are there limitations, exceptions? Or, consider that, although omnipotent, God is not compelled to act on the power He has. So, maybe His "day" is not only a 24-hour period, but may be eons in the course of the sun across our sky. In fact, we already know that just 600M years ago, earth's "day" by our modern perspective, was just 21 hours long. Our day is increasing in time even as we speak, increasing by 0.007 seconds every century.
This debate would have made more sense being debated between 2 Christians; one a 6-Day Creationist and the other a Theistic Evolutionist. As a 6-Day Young Earth Creationist, I would welcome a shot at this debate in the future.
Vote Reported: DrSpy // Mod Action: Not removed
Reason: This vote is fine
I am actually going to raise another challenge here.
I cannot prove DrSpy does not genuinely believe Pro had the better argument.
But i do question his awarding my opponent on sources aswell. The reason his previous vote got removed was because he admitted that fauxlaws challenge on my use of wikipedia was equivalent to a "texas sharpshooter", and that fauxlaw did not actually challenge the validity of anything within the article, so i was never given the chance to find better sources. Yet DrSpy still managed to somehow award fauxlaw points for the sources. He then came back, changed his wording and rerewarded fauxlaw with points for sources. Yet most of fauxlaws sources are from books you have to go out and purchase. You cannot simply link to them. Therefore i actually believe i have the better sources. So more accurate reflection, based upon DrSpys own admission, and his inability to back his claim that fauxlaws sources are more indepth, is wrong. he is unable to view fauxlaws sources. Fauxlaw does not even list the page number on them. I even find the vote for argument contentious, based upon the amount of errors he previously claimed fauxlaw committed, without attributing one single error to myself. However i would accept if he genuinely believes fauxlaw has the better argument, i cannot prove he does not genuinely think that. But i do not genuinely believe that his points regarding sources is legitimate
Please quit with slanderous and unprofessional allegations. And accept votes against like an adult, if possible. Or don't. I am not your keeper.
No victory for either of us, yet. There's still 7+ days for voting Just don't continue vote bombing
It is ok. I have already been in contact with the moderators to explain that i do not wish my opponents votes to be removed.
I only did this because it was becoming apparent that people are reporting my votes, and do not respect the opinions of others.
However my belief is without voters, there is no site.
So therefore i do not wish for my opponents votes to be removed.
Congratulations on your victory
Really, dear opponent, you had your shot at argument in four rounds, per my designation in challenging the debate, and I believe the debate policy says, "When all arguments have been published, the debate goes into the next stage." That stage is voting. We are in voting stage. Your argument ability has passed, yet you have argued sufficient to have had a fifth round. I believe that is considered vote bombing. Would you like me to have my fifth round? No? The policy prevents it? Domage, mon vieux.
Thanks for voting again.
Source justification. Awarded to PRO as the debate was about Darwin and The Bible,. Pro references both and specified editions and versions for clarity. Reliable first source of the topic at hand. CON relied on Wikipedia, which is not a primary source. It is remarkable that CON did not references once either of the core documents for which the debate was about. My other reasons as set out in comments #23 and #24 below still apply.
I have not changed them, even with the please of Con.
>Reported Vote: DrSpy // Mod action: [Removed]
>Points Awarded: 6 points to Pro.
>Reason for Decision: My first large debate vote on this site. Please provide feedback to me on my approach, perceived accuracy and style.
ARGUMENTS (PRO) for the reasons see the comments.
SOURCES (PRO). for relevance and depth.
S&G (TIE) Con had some mistakes, however, nothing notable worthy of point reduction.
CONDUCT (PRO) - Cons arguments had significant relevance issues. Con also stated in RD4 that they did not need to focus on that actual topic of the debate. I had asked about the focus of Darwin in the comments prior to the debate. The focus was clear, and specifically ignored by Con.
>Reason for Mod Action: Arguments are sufficiently explained. Sources, however, need to be explained better. Per community guidelines:
In order to award sources points, a voter must explicitly, and in the text of their RFD, perform the following tasks:
Explain, on balance, how each debater's sources impact the debate
Directly evaluate at least one source in particular cited in the debate and explain how it either bolstered or weakened the argument it was used to support
Must explain how and why one debater's use of sources overall was superior to the other's.
Conduct needs to be specifically attached to the debate, not the comments. There must be at least one incident quoted or explained that led to the conduct point allotment, and conduct needs to be compared between the two debaters.
Please can you read my objections below, and tell me you actually agree that DrSpys own analysis supports his own conclusion
DrSpy round 5 - Con
"Con does a very detailed job at defending Wikipedias honour, and failing to see that Pro had no specific accusation. Con got easily sucked into a rabbit hole of irrelevance, something they should be aware of."
DrSpy again contradicts himself. In his round 4 analysis he was very critical of my opponents objections to my sourcing wikipedia.
Yet at the beginning of round 5, he is confused as to why i defend wikipedia, when my opponent apparently did not mention wikipedia.
DrSpy "And the final fatal admission made by Con was "Therefore i (sic) do not require to discuss Charles Darwin in order to show that texts in Genesis do not co-cooperate with our current understandings of evolution,"
Yet by DrSpys own admission, i had done a good job detailing Darwins lack of theistic belief.
So i find it questionable how DrSpy calculated this as a victory for my opponent. His very own analysis points to an overwhelming victory for me.
DrSpy round 4 "Pro does question the extensive use of Wikipedia as a source. Pro does not demonstrate any misquotes, or places where Cons arguments are misattributed, or taken out of context.".
So, i have never been accused "once" of misattribution, nor taking quotes out of context.
DrSpy actually continues to quite badly frown upon my opponent on this issue. " I think this was a case of screaming fire, without even smoke. I do not think this was a firecracker distraction and was based on genuine concern. The credibility of this concern would have been exponentially higher had a single reference related to Cons arguments been presented".
DrSpy literally said that my source was attacked, yet for no reason. There was no misattribution. No taking out of context. Yet DrSpy did still manage to conclude, somehow, that it was "a credible concern". Though my opponent failed to attack any of my statements. DrSpy still managed to find in favour of my opponent, quite simply, becaause "it may have been a credible concern".
DrSpy then continues to be skeptical regarding my opponets continuing to produce arguments made in the last round "Some may wonder if it is appropriate to leave such arguments to the last round. No restriction on new arguments was made at the onset. And considering the eclectic nature of Cons rebuttals, I see this as an attempt to ensure the corpus of the debate is maintained."
Yet DrSpy still continued to find in favour of my opponent due to the fact i did not raise an objection
DrSpy analysis round 2. "Con uses this round to attack the theistic tendencies and authenticity of Darwin. Con does a good job of this, however, I was left wondering what the overall value to the argument this would add, particularly when Con admits that the belief of Darwin is irrelevant."
I object to this on the grounds that DrSpy has contradicted his own statement. He says i did a good job attacking Darwins beliefs. Yet still upholds my opponents argument that i failed to include Darwin in my argument, which is proof right there my opponent was obviously misrepresenting what i had said, as DrSpy himself acknowledges i did a good job of this, whilst pooping in his own pie very next sentence
DrSpy - "Con concludes with "So, it appears the Adam and Eve narrative is not consistent with evolution theory unless the goal posts shift to Mesopotamian mythology being derived from earlier Sudanese mythology." I see this as an illogical statement. The topic of the debate did not say a co-operation between the texts in question was exclusive."
I object that DrSpy takes statements from me he either misunderstands, or, disagrees with, to validate statements made by my opponent, he either misunderstands, or, disagrees with, to validate the statements of my opponent
I initially respected the voting results. However i did have some objections that i initially did not raise. However i now wish to raise them.
To begin with.
DrSpy RD 1 analysis... DrSpy begins by pointing out what he considers to be a logical fallacy and error my opponent made. "When I first started reading this, it appears as if Pro had opened up a logical flank to be brutally attacked on. The statement "but much of the Bible is allegory, or metaphor, and it may have been a simple expression of inter-species evolution on an accelerated schedule." I thought would be the home base for assault by Con. It was not."
DrSpy decides that my not attacking it means my error validates my opponents error. Even though i did state this in round 5 "There is absolutely no need for Riddles. Allegory. Cryptic messages that only the truelly gifted can decipher."
DrSpy then write "Pro produces another potential error when implying that stem cells are the source of evolution, which is why a "rib" was used. Pro provides no support for this premise, however, Con does not address this."
Again. He is claiming that "my" error validates my opponents error....Even though i had already established that i believe the Genesis to be mesopotamian mythology..This would include, the rib allegations. "The first problem with my opponents contention arises in almost his first sentence, when he contaminates Scientific knowledge with Mesopotamian mythology". This was from my opening in round 1.
That is very sensible. I would be happy to have private feedback from both of you.
Thank you for voting. For the benefit of other voters before voting is finished, I shall make comments regarding your RFDs by private message.
Thank you for voting. Was wondering if any votes were ever going to come.
RD - 3 (Winner PRO)
Pro quickly dismantles the relevance of Darwin's religious beliefs. Pro does an excellent job bringing the debate back to the roots, with solid references from the OOS, and a connection back to the original question.
Con demonstrates some interesting debate techniques. Con admits to not reading the totality of the argument before responding.
"at the time of writing the above, I had not yet progressed to the end of my opponent's argument," I find it a telling admission, and consistent with their style. Con also uses this round to question the accuracy of the Bible from a translated perspective, however, fails to demonstrate the relevance. The key objective of the debate was to show "co-operates". The inclusion of Hebrew was unnecessary, and appears to be a 'texas sharpshooter'.
In closing RD3. Con again appears to insist on upward compatibility, which I view as erroneous logic, as I addressed above.
RD 4 - (Winner PRO)
Pro does question the extensive use of Wikipedia as a source. Pro does not demonstrate any misquotes, or places where Cons arguments are misattributed, or taken out of context. I think this was a case of screaming fire, without even smoke. I do not think this was a firecracker distraction and was based on genuine concern. The credibility of this concern would have been exponentially higher had a single reference related to Cons arguments been presented
Pro state accurately "on an extended journey beyond the confines of the debate ". As seen in the previous entries, Pro is clearly very focused on the confines of the debate and this round is no exception. Pro made some compelling association defending the co-operative stance of the debate. Some may wonder if it is appropriate to leave such arguments to the last round. No restriction on new arguments was made at the onset. And considering the eclectic nature of Cons rebuttals, I see this as an attempt to ensure the corpus of the debate is maintained.
Con does a very detailed job at defending Wikipedias honour, and failing to see that Pro had no specific accusation. Con got easily sucked into a rabbit hole of irrelevance, something they should be aware of.
Con lost sight of the topic of the debate. Even when they brought up a valid point, the topic was wrong. "My opponent repeatedly throughout this debate used passages from the Holy Bible that made no reference to any form of evolution, nor even remotely implied such, and he then compared it the works of Scientists, and then used psuedo-scientific explanations to try and explain just how the biblical scholars were actually talking about evolution."
The topic was about the book of Genesis and a very large percentage of biblical references were from that book. That statement made by con could be considered an admission to the debate premise. This comes back to debate term co-operate. And the final fatal admission made by Con was "Therefore i (sic) do not require to discuss Charles Darwin in order to show that texts in Genesis do not co-cooperate with our current understandings of evolution,"
RD1: (Winner PRO)
When I first started reading this, it appears as if Pro had opened up a logical flank to be brutally attacked on. The statement "but much of the Bible is allegory, or metaphor, and it may have been a simple expression of inter-species evolution on an accelerated schedule." I thought would be the home base for assault by Con. It was not.
Pro produces another potential error when implying that stem cells are the source of evolution, which is why a "rib" was used. Pro provides no support for this premise, however, Con does not address this.
Pro did a good job wrapping the architecture of Genesis, and the basic principals of Darwin's evolution and their RD1 was very consistent with the debate topic.
Con took time to try to redefine evolution, already set forth in the debate description. I find this behaviour perplexing. Con tried to use the complexity of quantum mechanics to show creationist problems cannot be solved.
Con interestingly delves into the origins of the book of Genesis, and rather than challenge the narrative, proceeds to challenge its reliability as an accurate historical representation. Con concludes that Genesis is not a blueprint for the evolution theory. I find this logic flawed, and not consistent with the original question. Con appears to say "Because you say that the two theories co-operate, you must prove that one was intended to influence the other". In summary, Con took the entire round one to say that the bible is not a book of science, which Pro had already established.
RD 2 - (Winner PRO)
Pro addresses Cons statements and addresses the relevance in a professional way. Pro does a great job on the majority of references being from OOS, and Genesis. Pro concluded RD2 by bringing the topic back around its original axis and postulates some scientific reasons why there may be a cooperation between the two narratives, Genesis and Darwinism.
Con uses this round to attack the theistic tendencies and authenticity of Darwin. Con does a good job of this, however, I was left wondering what the overall value to the argument this would add, particularly when Con admits that the belief of Darwin is irrelevant.
Con concludes with "So, it appears the Adam and Eve narrative is not consistent with evolution theory unless the goal posts shift to Mesopotamian mythology being derived from earlier Sudanese mythology." I see this as an illogical statement. The topic of the debate did not say a co-operation between the texts in question was exclusive.
References for round 4:
3 Holy Bible, Genesis 3: 6
4 Holy Bible, Proverbs 127: 3, 5
5 Campbell, Beverley, Eve and the Choice Made in Eden, Deseret Book, Salt Lake City, 2003, page 35
6 Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of Species, 6th edition, 1872, Chapter 8, page 213
7 Holy Bible, Genesis 3: 20
8 Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of Species, 6th edition, 1872, Chapter 15, page 445
references for round 3
1 Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of Species, 2nd – 6th editions, 1860 - 18722
3 Holy Bible, Genesis 1: 26, and https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2016/07/13/biologically-speaking-this-is-why-humans-are-born-to-die/#87a4a264a48b
4 Darwin, Charles, Origin of the Species, 1st – 6th editions, 1859 – 1872, Chapter One, page 1.
5 Holy Bible, Genesis 1: 28
references for round 2:
1 Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of Species, 2nd – 6th editions, 1860 - 1872
2 Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of Species, 1st – 6th editions, 1859 - 1872
3 Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of Species, 1st – 6th editions, 1859 – 1872, Genesis 1: 26
5 O.E.D., “Interactive”
6 Holy Bible, Genesis 1: 3
7 Holy Bible, Genesis 1: 26
9 Holy Bible, Genesis 2: 16, 171
10 Holy Bible, Exodus 20: 13
15 Holy Bible, Genesis 5: 15
I look forward to that as well!
Ah very interesting ancestry you have. It sounds like you are walking in the footsteps of the "Fitz Flaad family".
My familial roots come out of Olduvai via Gaul, then to Scotland, where according to Robert Louis Stevenson The 'Pagans of North Berwick' had the worst of reputations. They were said to tie a horse's neck to its knee and attach a lantern to the rope, then drive the horse slowly along the cliffs, so that a vessel out at sea would think it a ship riding at anchor, and come in, only to be wrecked on the rocky reef known as the Great Car and be plundered by the ghoulish people. These tales gave Stevenson the idea for his story 'The Wreckers'. Stevenson also wrote in his novel 'Catriona' (sequel to Kidnapped) of the 'lights of "Hidden to protect my second name from public view"' and purposely put 'Tam Dale' in charge of the prisoners on the Bass Rock
Good luck with the debate
Very good. Let's begin. I will be posting 1st round soon. Let's see, I understand this Sunday, you're implementing Daylight Savings, so I believe you will be seven hours ahead; I'm in US Mountain time zone, currently 16:56 [I've been to about 30 countries in my brief sojourn, but never Great Britain, even though my ancestry goes through Scotland to France. My immediate roots, however, are American. My first immigrant ancestor came from Scotland in 1625, and from France in 1066. I speak fluent French and have logged about three years there.
Hi fauxlaw. This is your debate. I accept any rules you wish.
Thanks for accepting this debate. Please advise before we begin if you're agreeable to the definitions as given. I will wait for your reply, but I have only two days to launch. Good luck!
I note you're new to the site. Welcome aboard. I'm not so experienced on the site, either, but feel free to ask. Navigating around is very easy. This is a great site for debate, and also the forum is stimulating. Have a look at that, too.
You're welcome. Will definitely have fun. Perhaps one day, we'll find a compatible debate. I look forward to that. Be well.
Thanks for explaining! Good luck to you and have fun!
In many cases, in order to understand a concept, I invite the elimination of mirrors. What I mean by that is that all of us are our worst enemy in understanding another's perspective, and we tend to consult our own paradigms for verification, like looking in a mirror. Lose the mirror, i.e., lose the paradigm. In this case, I would recommend losing the clock, because it seems to be an impediment. I don't even believe that, beyond our earth perspective, time exists at all. So, lose it if that is a hangup. I use this "tool" whenever challenged in my perception of eternity, because many people hang onto a concept of a Big Bang, then an infinity ahead, only, that's not infinity, at all. There is not beginning, but that's a paradigm many have difficulty accepting. I am not so troubled by the idea. Ergo, does it matter relative to the debate? Yes, I acknowledge that we have moved on in understanding of both Genesis creation and Darwin evolution, but it is my choice of debate parameters. And, yes, I understand that it appears that I am, contrary to losing mirrors, that I am imposing one. It is simply to restrain the debate in the confines of brackets of time. Why? Because there are arguments with the brackets such that either Pro or Con can win the debate. Accept, or don't.
I was actually hoping you would explain it so I can understand. I have no choice in that.
Then don't understand. Entirely your choice
We've moved passed Darwin's understanding of evolution just as we've moved passed Newton's understanding of gravity. Why would we limit ourselves to a truncated version of modern knowledge?
Don't get me wrong, you can do whatever you like - I just don't understand it.
No, it is not like debating who will win WWII because that event had a definitive outcome it is not a matter of debate. Although "On the Origin of Species" is 161 years since it's original publication, and Genesis is roughly 3,500 years in existence, the outcome of that debate obviously is still engaged. But, you're missing the entire premise of my proposition. It is not a debate of whether Genesis or Darwin is correct, but whether or not they actually cooperate in separate descriptions of the fact of origin and diversity of life on earth.
It seems you want to imagine evolution in a time when it was not as well understood and put that against the creation account in Genesis. It's like a historical recreation of a debate that might have happened in Darwin's time. I don't see the purpose - isn't that like debating 'who will win WWII?' While pretending we don't know the answer?
"It looks like you may be defining yourself to a win by with equating evolution to 'an ongoing process of creation.'"
So, that is my beginning argument. It is my burden of proof to demonstrate, isn't it? So, engage, and demonstrate by your arguments that I am wrong. Isn't that what debate is all about? However, may I remind you that when pasta is cooked, as is its intent, and has been for far longer than we've been alive, it is flexible.
I hesitate acceptance of an expansion of the discussion, both on the "Genesis" and the "Darwin" sides, because I obviously cannot commit to ubiquitous equivalence in advance. otherwise, we would have to agree that as the discussion might expand beyond my originally stated construct, that non-equivalence of design "intent," and random natural selection "intent," may occur. It is the equivalence of the two stated sources that I perceive, and have the burden of proof, to demonstrate. It is that aspect, burden of proof, that becomes endangered. I created the construct of Genesis vs. Darwin because that was the issue in the original debate that occurred immediately coincident with the publication of "On the Origin of Species." There were no other elements joining the debate. In effect, it is the definition of definitions that are virtually always a part of the debate format. The construct is not to weight the discussion in my favor because I can conceive of arguments that oppose my suggestion. Can you?
For example, below, SkepticalOne mentions Pastafarinianism as debatable construct. However, that belief post-dates the original discussion by over 140 years. Shall we also consider the universe construct of turtles, black holes, and Mickey Mouse as sorcerer? If you wish to engage such a debate, create it. This one is my debate; I define the construct, thank you very much.
Are you restricting the conversation of evolution to only Darwin, or the more general all-encompassing and further developed evolutionary model?
Are you restricting all biblical references to Genesis or can other passages in the bible that address the creation be used?
It appears as if this debate is so specific, and constructed to precisely, that it is engineered to be non-debatable. If you agree to the general principals of evolution, and other passages in the bible specifically about creation, then I will take this on as my first debate here.
"In 2005, Henderson founded the religion of Pastafarianism in response to the Kansas State Board of Education's decision to teach intelligent design alongside evolution in schools. He requested that "Pastafarianism" be taught alongside intelligent design and "logical conjecture based on overwhelming observable evidence".After his protest letter to the board was ignored, he posted it online and the beliefs quickly gained traction."
Definitions can change. I'm wiling to negotiate.
By the way, I like your avatar. Mickie is a favorite of mine, but note, even in your modified imagination of the Sistine Chapel ceiling fresco, Adam and God's fingers are still just not touching, whereas, who is that tucked into God's left shoulder, the redhead in his embrace who also lovingly caresses His left arm? Mickie told us: that is Eve, "the mother of all living." He said this is her creation, in God's embrace, as opposed to Adam's creation at finger-length, and more. Says something about creative priorities, doesn't it? And, by your illustrative editing, Adam get's it.
What's a Flying Spaghetti Monster?
It looks like you may be defining yourself to a win by with equating evolution to "an ongoing process of creation".