America is systemically racist
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Systemic racism definition: Institutional racism, also known as systemic racism, is a form of racism that is embedded through laws and regulations within society or an organization. It can lead to such issues as discrimination in criminal justice, employment, housing, health care, political power, and education, among other issues.
- Systemic racism definition---"Institutional racism, also known as systemic racism, is a form of racism that is embedded through laws and regulations within society or an organization. It can lead to such issues as discrimination in criminal justice, employment, housing, health care, political power, and education, among other issues." First off statistics indicate 61-80% of black overrepresentation in prisons can be explained by higher black crime rates, with the unexplained portion largely attributable to racial bias.
- Remember - the factors which lead to disproportionate criminality amongst black Americans are also in large part a product of racial bias. Underfunded public programs, redlining, generational poverty, bad schooling, and myriad other factors which influence criminality can also be traced to racial bias.----https://www.sentencingproject.org/wp-
- Extensive document on racial biases in our criminal justice system---https://www.sentencingproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Black-Lives-Matter.pdf
- NOW onto the topic of biases in stops searches and arrests
- While White & Black Americans admit to using and selling illicit drugs at similar rates, Black Americans are VASTLY more likely to go to prison for a drug offense.
- In 2002, Black Americans were incarcerated for drug offenses at TEN TIMES the rate of White Americans.
- Today, Blacks are 3.7x as likely to be arrested for a marijuana offense as Whites, despite similar usage.
- 97% of “large-population counties” have racial biases in their drug offense incarceration.
- Militarization fails to enhance police safety or reduce crime but may harm police reputation
- Police militarization does not lead to a decrease in crimes committed or officer injuries, may actually increase both.
- Police militarization (including the adoption of SWAT teams) decreases public trust in police, which may contribute to increases in crime.
- Militarized police are disproportionately deployed in African American communities, even when accounting for crime rates.
- This ACLU report reviews 5 months’ of data from DC police stops & searches by race and outcome.
- The black population of DC is 25% greater than the white population, but black people were 410% more likely to be stopped by the police than white people
- This disparity increases to 1465% for stops which led to no warning, ticket or arrest and 3695% for searches which led to no warning, ticket or arrest.
- This data indicates the disproportionate stopping and searching of blacks in the DC area extended massively beyond any disproportionate rate of criminality.
- Between 2011 and 2015, black drivers in Nashville’s Davidson County were pulled over at a rate of 1,122 stops per 1,000 drivers — so on average, more than once per black driver.
- Black drivers were also searched at twice the rate of white drivers, though — as in other jurisdictions — searches of white drivers were more likely to turn up contraband.
- Racial Disparity in Federal Criminal Sentences ---- Examination of federal data indicates Black Americans spend about 10% more time in prison when compared to comparable Whites who commit the same crimes.
- Additionally, Black arrestees are 75% more likely to be charged with a crime carrying a mandatory minimum sentence.
- Prosecutors contribute massively to this undeniable racial bias.
- Government aggregate of data on plea and charge bargaining.
- “Studies that assess the effects of race find that blacks are less likely to receive a reduced charge compared with whites.”
- “Studies have generally found a relationship between race and whether or not a defendant receives a reduced charge.”
- “The majority of research on race and sentencing outcomes shows that blacks are less likely than whites to receive reduced pleas.“
- In short, collected data strongly indicates a racial bias against blacks with regards to sentencing and plea bargains.
- Implicit Bias-----Photos of capital inmates shown to entry-level criminal justice students for them to evaluate the trustworthiness of the faces.
- Students rated pictures of light-skinned inmates as more trustworthy when they preceded pictures of dark-skinned inmates.
- Most study participants (79.9%) were white, but the study predicted that this wasn’t a major factor - “When controlling for race, no statistically significant result was found. This suggests that each race, White and non-White, were consistent in their rating outcomes. Prior research has found similar results, where Whites and light-skinned Blacks are likely to share similar attitudes towards darker-skinned Blacks”
- Black Boys Viewed as Older, Less Innocent Than Whites, Research Finds
- Students and police officers participated in tests to determine levels of racial bias and perception of innocence.
- Black boys as young as 10 are more likely to be considered criminal or untrustworthy, and more likely to face police violence.
- Police officers were tested on dehumanization of blacks by comparing people of different races to animal groups. Police who engaged in higher levels of dehumanization were more likely to use violence against black children.
Blacks are more likely to grow up in single motherhood homes and this makes them more willing to do crimes
Blacks are more likely to live in urban areas
Blacks are more likely to live in poor areas
Con has ignored all of my points and only latched onto black people are more likely to go to jail.
Blacks are more likely to go to jail and receive harsh sentences than whites.
this is actually untrue a study did show 70% of black mothers are single but their definition of single was unmarried. (https://www.givelegacy.com/resources/the-truth-about-black-fatherhood/).
Of those 50.7 million children living in families with two parents, 47.7 million live with two married parents and 3 million live with two unmarried parents.
Blacks are more likely to live in urban areasyes this is true furthermore black people are more likely to live in poorer areas with low funded schools thus more likely to drop out.
if your about to have a race with someone and shoot them in the knee you will likely win, ten years later you still will probably lose because it has lasting effects.
But why do they live in poorer areas? its Simple, because only 60 years ago segregation happened
con hasn't addressed anything else i have said notice how ignored everything about implicit bias and 80% of what i stated.
This is true, but if your definition of "single parent" is, "parents who aren't married" then black mothers are more likely to be single parents than white mothers.But if the definition of "single parent" is, "a parent who raises their kids by themselves" then black mothers are STILL more likely to be single parents than white mothers.
(they haven't moved out of the lack of will to move out of the south, not because they are poor)
If a black family wanted to move to a rich area, they are free to do so
If your born in the bottom fifth of the economy, there is a 57% chance you have significant upward mobility (and an only 7% that you will have significant downward mobility)
Black Americans as a whole aren't even that poor, they have a median household income comparable to White Canadians
This is an extreme example. A more accurate example would be, "If you are about to have a race with someone and they trip, your probably going to win that race. But the trip will have nominal impact on a race a year in the future" I would argue that segregation was more of a trip for black people and not getting shot in the foot because of the high amount of upward mobility in the United States. As I stated earlier, if your in the bottom fifth of the US economy, you have a 57% chance of significantly moving upward compared with an only 7% chance of moving downward. Expand this to another generation, and you will have a hard time predicting where this poor person would have their grandkids be in 2 generations fiscally. This is also why children from the same family (so they received a comparable amount of advantages) often end up in different places fiscally.
Segregation 65 years ago is not the justification for poverty now.