Resolved: The European Union should, as a joint policy, discourage its member states from joining the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative
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"Joint policy" - If the resolution is affirmed, the EU will publicly declare its position. Member states will be discouraged from joining the BRI and encouraged to withdraw if they are already partaking in it.
R1- Constructive arguments
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EU = European Union
BRI = Belt and Road Initiative
1. International Standing
The BRI on the surface seems nothing more than selfish gain, but reality has shown different results. A Professor of history explains in NY Times that BRI enforces China's claim to be a friendly international leader. He asserts that China is beginning to uphold the ideals of prosperity and harmony: "China is also now loudly speaking the language of international development; it has announced that it is stepping up to be a global good citizen concerned about the economic well-being of its neighbors" . As they are put under scrutiny by allies and enemies alike, continuing the BRI would enforce stricter requirements on the environment, economy, and other ideals. Because BRI is currently under economic troubles, EU joining would bring it back under stability, preventing it from falling and putting another leverage to control China under democratic principles. The geographical closeness of BRI and Europe also allows the EU to join easily with very little cost, which helps my point.
Next, China has only helped the countries, rather than economically harming them, demonstrating my claim of altruism. As Fortune.com notes, "Finance Secretary of the Philippines Carlos Dominguez publicly stated that debts owed to China account for only 0.65% of the country’s total debt. And Dr. Karunasena, Sri Lanka’s ambassador to Beijing, dismissed the idea of “debt-trap diplomacy.”  Indeed, nearly no country has been stuck in a debt trap due to the BRI. They have benefited for the most part, with China upgrading the transportation of Kenya as an example.
2. BRI's Economic Influence
Though building the BRI itself may not seem to have big impacts, the results will be tremendous. The speed of trade will be increased by a significant amount. World Bank's blogs admit, "Aggregate results suggest that BRI infrastructure improvements could increase total trade among BRI economies by 4.1 percent. Countries such as Uzbekistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Oman and Maldives benefit the most after improvements in trading times, with an increase in their exports above 9 percent" . Of course, these are big numbers. Even Iran alone is 105 million dollars in exports alone , not to mention that this amount is multiplied greatly by each additional country benefitted. If this wasn't enough, improving the roads and railways will also greatly reduce trade costs. As Voxeu explains, "implementing all BRI transport infrastructure projects will reduce aggregate trade costs for the BRI economies by 2.8% on average with the rest of the world, and by 3.5% with other BRI economies" . The large trade reductions overall would be worth the cost of the BRI, exceeding it by billions in the long run.
And on the bigger picture, the global boost of a trade by 6.5% will lift 32 million people out of poverty.  This massive number must be outweighed.
3. Energy Infrastructure
The BRI is not only a trading project, it is also an energy-related project. Cornell from the Atlantic Council explains that at least 200 million jobs would be created from the project due to the surge of electricity grids . Not only so, but the project will also be environmentally conservative, with "President Xi propos[ing] to establish “a global energy network” to meet global power demand “with clean and green sources." . Adding on the EU will allow the operation to be controlled by multiple countries, enforcing new technology that would save our ecosystems and our people alike. This is especially important in the area where China is building the BRI. As they proceed towards Europe, they will also assist developing countries. As a result, "in poor rural environments, the expansion of power grids is also important for addressing energy access, with its multiplier effects on development and the provision of information and communications technology (ICT) services for economic connectivity" .
4. Internet Access
As of now, still, 41% of the world has no access to the internet, despite it being the pillar of information and connection -- perhaps even an essential right.  But BRI will fix this by allowing the building of 5G internet through rail lines. As wired explains, "each of the many trans-Eurasian rail lines that are part of this mammoth project will be accompanied by fiber-optic cables carrying impossibly huge amounts of data across thousands of miles without delay". The impact is significant: a vast proportion of countries would have access to this internet. Doctors and researchers alike could instantly access information and quickly upload files to work together and improve other areas of science. Not only so, the internet innately boosts the productivity and connectivity of people.
As Brookings Institute found, "a 10 percent increase in Internet penetration in a foreign country is associated with a 1.7 percent increase in exports and a 1.1 percent increase in imports" . And the investment in the internet will empower the countries to export and import, even more, fueling a cycle of an economic boost. The logic behind this makes sense too. Trading must be conducted with processes and controls. The transaction will be expedited with the addition of the internet. AmericanExpress explains, "With 5G IoT and blockchain, a digital bill of lading could automatically transfer to the buyer when a ship reaches port, with the seller automatically receiving the purchase price" .
With the EU joining in on China with the boost of the internet, there is no doubt that the greatest invention of the last century will significantly change developing countries' progress.
5. Public Health
One researcher supports that the BRI will greatly help the public health sector, boosting the developing countries in terms of medical care. "China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) offers immense opportunities for partnership and collective actions involving multiple countries to combat globalization-linked infectious and/or chronic diseases, emerging pandemics, and outbreaks of potential threats to both laboratory information management systems and health information management. "  Indeed, the researchers note that connecting the trade routes inherently allows the transportation to be more easily managed, enhancing the prowess of my trade argument. The display of outreach against the Ebola outbreak proves that China's engagement that prevents diseases will save even more lives. So let's repeat: Not only do we save people from starving to death, but they also are prevented from getting fatal diseases and being untreated in time. The EU joining in tandem could even better help bring vaccines and solutions to people in Europe, providing fierce resistance against COVID.
So. Remember that tens to hundreds of thousands of lives are on the line when you are reading Con's case.
Next, Pro might try saying that even given all of these data with supporting the countries' economies, this is not enough. But people want out of their poor economic situation. As another expert notes, "existing data set showed the positive responses of local Pakistani citizens toward CPEC projects. The findings of this study will help government officials and the representatives of the CPEC understand the attitudes of the host community and their cooperation for the development of CPEC projects."  This links back to the connection between international pressure and cooperation. If China is doing poorly then the other countries may prevent funds or progress any time. China is not the master here. It is only one of the guiding forces to boost forward the citizens' ideals. And in terms of democracy and freedom, what could be more important than what the people desire as a whole? Is it not beneficial to release citizens of their economic despair?
China's BRI will soon fall apart if we do not do anything. So China is encouraged to make the new Silk Road mutually beneficial. You can have your road and eat your environment cake, too. As another expert's plan lays out, the green energy plan will enforce the environment on the next level.  As of now, the European nations on their own have difficulty working together to establish such a framework like this. But the EU is more credible and more powerful. They may have China spread the ideals of environmental importance, which in the long run can make *all* infrastructure plans work out. If we allow China to just fall apart, we encourage countries to be separated and do what they will. Instead of supporting them to do the right thing at a small power sacrifice, we separate our potential cooperation and have a problem. Just how will Europe enforce the joint policy discouragement? What will happen to current joined member states?
We assume that China is incredibly selfish such that they will not listen. But we have not even tried to unite together against them. Who knows if the EU will further fall apart as China tries to draw in extra people. The current condition is morally ambiguous since China has no environmental standard, yet economically boosts the developing countries. More European countries will join and it is too hard to stop them. We must join as a whole to enforce the environment's importance before this drags on and brings more harm.
- China is about to lose its BRI plan without the EU's help, so the EU may add additional pressure and enforce the international promises made.
- BRI will help gain billions in revenue worldwide and prevent poverty
- BRI will encourage energy in developing areas and also establish a green energy standard
- BRI will bring internet to hundreds of thousands of developing areas, furthering their boost out of poverty
- Claims of altruism are juxtaposed by clear evidence of what China stands to gain by con’s own admission.
- Many points regarding how the BRI can help improve QOL or the eco of a nation are greatly diminished by the fact the EU is composed of almost entirely wealthy nations and the BRI focuses almost entirely on DNs.
- There is no good reason to believe that the EU can pressure China by joining the BRI as the entire idea is that it’s China giving For-Aid through money, infra projects, etc… While China does stand to gain as well and it’s also predatory as I will prove, the claim that nations somehow gain instead of lose negotiating power (which is one of the things China hopes to gain from the BRI) when receiving For-Aid is self-evidently ridiculous.
- The EU isn’t going to be directly helping other nations by joining the BRI. For example, with the claim that the EU joining would help expand access to the internet, the EU isn’t going to be helping in that endeavor, and if they wanted to, they’d be better off just helping directly instead of funnelling the money through one of the most corrupt countries on Earth. The resolution in no way implies the EU would expand or aid the BRI.
- Claims of how the BRI can help the world are either flagrantly untrue, not applicable for the EU, or are mitigated significantly by the moral necessity to curb the influence of a nation that has no protections for LGBTQ people, harvests the organs of prisoners, is a totalitarian dictatorship that suppresses all dissent and engages in unprecedented mass-surveillance, and puts muslims into concentration camps.
- Even if a claim somehow evades all 5 of these problems, it is still negated by the fact the resolution states that the EU should discourage member states from joining, nothing more. These claims rely on the assumption that countries from the EU would join and China would want them to join, which is pure speculation especially when considering the rise of nationalism in poorer eastern European countries that could most use the BRI and the fact Europe is most aligned with the USA and a main goal of the BRI is to extend Chinese influence. This is worsened by con’s own admission that the BRI needs the EU’s help to survive and that the BRI is undergoing financial troubles.
“"… [China] has announced that it is stepping up to be a global good citizen concerned about the economic well-being of its neighbors" . They are put under scrutiny by allies and enemies alike, continuing the BRI would enforce stricter requirements on the env, eco, etc.... [The] BRI is under economic troubles, [the] EU joining would bring back stability, prevent it from falling and [gain] leverage to control China under democratic principles. The geographical closeness of BRI and the EU also allows the EU to join easily with little cost, which helps my point.… China has only helped the countries, rather than economically harming them, demonstrating altruism… Sri Lanka’s ambassador to Beijing dismissed the idea of “debt-trap diplomacy.” ”
“The speed of trade will be increased… this amount is multiplied greatly by each additional country… Improving the roads and railways will also greatly reduce trade costs… The large trade reductions overall would be worth the cost of the BRI, exceeding it by billions in the long run.On the bigger picture, the boost of trade will lift 32 million people out of poverty.  This massive number must be outweighed. ”
“… at least 200 million jobs would be created from the project due to the surge of electricity grids… with clean and green sources.“
“… 41% of the world has no internet… [The] BRI will fix this by building 5G through rail lines.… With the EU joining in on China with the boost of the internet, there is no doubt that the greatest invention of the last century will significantly change developing countries' progress.”
“Not only do we save people from starving to death, but they also are prevented from getting fatal diseases and being untreated in time. The EU joining in tandem could even better help bring vaccines and solutions to people in Europe, providing fierce resistance against COVID.”
“If we allow China to just fall apart, we encourage countries to be separated and do what they will… China's BRI will soon fall apart if we do not do anything.”
“The green energy plan will enforce the env on the next level.”
“The current condition is morally ambiguous since China has no env standard”
“Just how will Europe enforce the joint policy discouragement? What will happen to current joined member states?”
In the long run, deepening collaboration under the BRI framework may expand the export of Italy's agricultural and food products, technologies, medicines, tourism, cultural and other products to China and other regions. "