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Topic

Resolved: On balance, the Christian doctrine of Penal Substitutionary Atonement is ethically tenable.

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Participant that receives the most points from the voters is declared a winner.

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I, PRO, believe that, on balance, the Christian doctrine of Penal Substitutionary Atonement is ethically tenable. As CON, you believe that the Christian doctrine of Penal Substitutionary Atonement is ethically indefensible.

As instigator, PRO retains the BoP. CON is only required to rebut PRO's arguments.

DEFINITIONS:

On balance: All things considered.

Penal Substitutionary Atonement (PSA): For the purposes of this debate, PSA is defined as the doctrine that states that God, in the form of Jesus Christ, sacrificed himself of his own accord on behalf of humanity, paying the penalty of sin due to humanity in order to exercise mercy over humanity whilst upholding cosmic justice.

Ethically tenable: Not obviously or demonstrably unjust, all things considered. Able to be defended ethically.

STRUCTURE:
R1- PRO Constructive & CON Constructive
R2-3- Fluid attack/defense. No set structure here.

RULESET:
1. No new arguments made in final round
2. No trolling
3. You must follow the debate structure
4. No plagiarism
5. Must follow debate definitions.

RULESET PENALTY:
If the ruleset is broken, the penalty will be the loss of a conduct point. By accepting the debate, the contender accepts the RULESET and the RULESET PENALTY.

Round 1
Pro
Thanks, RM.

“Resolved: On balance, the Christian doctrine of Penal Substitutionary Atonement is ethically tenable.”

  • RECALL that PSA is being defined as “the doctrine that states that God, in the form of Jesus Christ, sacrificed himself of his own accord on behalf of humanity, paying the penalty of sin due to humanity in order to exercise mercy over humanity whilst upholding cosmic justice.”
  • When assessing whether a Christian doctrine is ethically defensible, we ought to understand the doctrine as the Christian would. Otherwise, CON will be debating a severely strawmanned perspective. In other words, we ought to understand the doctrine of PSA within the context of the Christian’s perspective, which assumes several realities: that there is a God, that that God exists as a trinitarian entity, that God is the moral-law giver and judge, and that sin (the violation of that law) exists and requires judgment from God to uphold the moral law. 
  • RECALL that “ethically tenable” is being defined as “Not obviously or demonstrably unjust, all things considered. Able to be defended ethically.”  Thus, PRO's BoP is to show that a relatively strong defense of PSA can be made by the Christian. CON's BoP will be to show that the defense of PSA is weak. Furthermore, understanding what constitutes justice, or a violation of it, is key. And, in order to systematically categorize actions as just or unjust, a moral framework must be established.
My Sole Contention: Establishing a Moral Framework

Subpoint 1: Meta-Ethical Concerns

Under the Christian perspective, moral law for humankind arises out of God’s command, and God’s command itself arises out of God’s own, invariable divine nature. Because of God Himself being the standard of morality, the Christian argues that God’s justice is necessitated and assumed by virtue of his Godhood, thus rendering any action he partakes in beyond human scrutiny. 

Thus, one ethical defense of the atonement is simply that it lies beyond human scrutiny. If this sounds like a simple cop-out, consider that human fallibility is highly assumed in Christianity. Thus the major boon to this view is the nature of the atonement as a divinely orchestrated event. Given the divine forces at play, the complexity and incomprehensibility of PSA is no accident. It is the ultimate culmination and expression of God’s divine, holy character in the metanarrative of history. In other words, a combination of everything we should expect to struggle to understand as corrupt, finite beings. So while we can grasp pieces of what has been revealed, we should expect the fullness of the atonement to be far beyond our grasp.

That said, meta-ethics is but one piece of PRO’s case.

Subpoint 2: Establishing Threshold Deontology

Most moral frameworks understand “justice” as the principle of suum cuique, “rendering to each what they are due.” It is on this basis that most objections to PSA arise. How was Jesus, an innocent, divine being, due the penalty of humankind? How was humankind, in all its wickedness, due the pardon of God? Initially, this presents quite the dilemma. For all intents and purposes, the moral axiom that people ought to be duly treated can not be seriously challenged. Any tenable moral framework will uphold that principle. 

However, moral frameworks can differ considerably in how they manufacture and treat such moral axioms. For instance, under a consequentialist framework, the axiom that people ought to be duly treated is true because violation of that axiom produces an undesirable effect. Alternatively, a deontologist framework argues that the axiom that people ought to be duly treated is true because unduly treating people is qualitatively unjust.  

PRO argues that treating the principle of suum cuique completely rigidly denies ethical reality (a premise that PRO will defend soon). Therefore, PRO argues that the principle of suum cuique ought to be couched within a framework such as threshold deontology, which recognizes ethical considerations beyond what consequentialism and deontology accounts for. 

Stanford’s Encyclopedia of Philosophy characterizes the view in this way: “A threshold deontologist holds that deontological norms govern up to a point despite adverse consequences; but when the consequences become so dire that they cross the stipulated threshold, consequentialism takes over.” 

In other words, given moral considerations of a certain weight, the rigid axioms of deontology can be permissibly suspended, such that party A’s unjust treatment of party B would be justified in the cosmic court of law in favor of minimizing other, disastrous moral ramifications. 

As Joel Fienberg and Hyman Gross observe in their work Philosophy of Law (1),  
“In that case, we can say that B was unjustly treated although A’s act resulting in that effect was not an instance of unjust behavior.  For an act to have an unjust quality (whatever its effects) it must be, objectively speaking, the wrong thing to do in the circumstances, unexcused and unjustified, voluntarily undertaken, and deliberately chosen by an unrushed actor who is well aware of the alternatives open to him” (pg. 286).

Subpoint 3: Applying Threshold Deontology

In “The Glory of the Atonement,” Dr. Donald Carson ties this concept together with PSA (2): 
“It is the unjust punishment of the Servant in Isaiah 53 that is so remarkable. Forgiveness, restoration, salvation, reconciliation–all are possible, not because sins have somehow been canceled as if they never were, but because another bore them unjustly.  But by this adverb ‘unjustly’ I mean that the person who bore them was just and did not deserve the punishment, not that some moral ‘system’ that God was administering was thereby distorted” (pg. 134).

Dr. Carson’s distinction in the last sentence is important. While Jesus may have been unjustly treated, the totality of God’s behavior was justified within the framework of the cosmic moral system He established because of the sheer weight of certain situational factors. The voluntary and consensual nature of Jesus’ treatment, His status as both Judge and victim, and the paramount task of dispensing salvation to all of mankind to avoid their collective demise are all key factors that make Jesus’ treatment justified. 

But the most important justifying factor is one I have yet to mention: Jesus’ resurrection and subsequent glorification. Indeed, a mere three days after His death, Jesus was not only repaid for what He freely gave (His life), but He was (and is being) compensated with heavenly gifts of immeasurable value and significance such that what was owed to Him has been made up many times over. 

Now, while it is true that, by virtue of being God incarnate, Jesus was already owed heavenly gifts of immeasurable value, in Scripture there is a clear sense in which Jesus is now being rewarded and exalted even further by the Father for the sacrifice He made. 

Consider Philippians 2:8-11 (ESV):
“And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”
Also, Revelation 19:11-16 (ESV):
“Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is called is The Word of God. And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.”

Jesus has an on-going, eternal reward for the one time mistreatment He voluntarily endured: His exalting as the “King of kings and Lord of lords.” To be clear, I do not mean to discount or underplay the immense suffering Jesus went through on the cross, only to illustrate that Jesus is being duly rewarded for His heroism. 

Subpoint 4: Defending Threshold Deontology:

Yet, even with all of this in mind, some potential objections arise. First, one may point to the weaknesses of threshold deontology as a concept: how can we be sure such a threshold exists? For that matter, how would one even begin to decide where such a threshold would lie on the spectrum of disastrous outcomes? From their previously cited entry, Stanford furthers: 
“Threshold deontology faces several theoretical difficulties. Foremost among them is giving a theoretically tenable account of the location of such a threshold, either absolutely or on a sliding scale… Why is the threshold for [justifying] torture of the innocent at one thousand lives, say, as opposed to nine hundred or two thousand?”

Of course, the task of concocting some universally applicable meta-ethical formula to locate the precise location of the deontological threshold for each given situation is impossible. However, demonstrating that such deontological thresholds exist independently of our ability to model them and are regularly used in human moral judgments is easily done. Who would object to the voluntary self-sacrifice of an innocent person for the lives of even a handful of people, much less thousands, millions, or billions? Consider the purported scenario of cavalry, in which the eternal destination of billions hung in the balance, and in which the sacrificial Lamb would be duly rewarded. What person could seriously object with the decision of Jesus to sacrifice Himself?

If the only difficulty of threshold deontology is locating the threshold, then threshold deontology is no real danger of refutation, especially given that the Christian theorist can reasonably account for such a difficulty. While for the secular theorist, there is no room for knowledge above human conception, for the Christian, higher knowledge is not only permitted but assumed and expected. Thus, our inability to locate thresholds with precision can easily be attributed to our human limitations, not to any defect within the moral framework itself. After all, God Himself is the source of moral mechanics and constructions, meaning that we can only come so close to modeling those mechanics and constructions ourselves. 

One last objection arises. With everything in mind, and assuming threshold deontology’s accuracy, could God have not simply used threshold deontology to justify humanity’s acquittal? Could it not be argued that, in such a scenario, the unjust act of allowing sin to go unpunished would be overruled by the weightier outcome of the salvation of those who accept it? 

To answer such objections, we must harken back to the principles necessitating the propitiation of sin in the first place. Romans 6:23 states that “the wages of sin is death,” and Hebrews 9:22 claims that “under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins” (ESV). Sin must be a serious offense to necessitate the shedding of blood. Guilt before God is not simply tied to the status of the perpetrator, it is indelibly tied to the status of the One that was sinned against. Should we sin against someone of infinite value, that is an infinite evil. Therefore, although we don’t usually think in these terms, for the mere created being to openly commit cosmic treason is an inherently infinite evil that deserves infinite punishment. Thus, the collective sin of all of humankind is an infinite injustice demanding cosmic resolution. To simply acquit such infinite injustice with no propitiation for sin (as PSA provides) is an even greater injustice in its own right. This injustice would not be outweighed by mankind going scot-free, it would be magnified by it. 

Conclusion:

Ultimately, then, a strong defense of the atonement lies in taking the facts of the case and reading them through the framework of threshold deontology. The imputation of the sins of mankind to Christ, such that He was declared guilty in the cosmic court of law, was an unjust treatment that was simultaneously a justified decision because of overriding moral factors, including Jesus’ resurrection and subsequent exaltation as “King of kings and Lord of lords,” Jesus’ voluntary heroism, Jesus’ status as both Judge and victim, and the necessity of some measure of propitiation for sin for the sake of mankind. 

All of this illustrates clearly that PSA is not only ethically tenable, but ethically without flaw. PRO has more than fulfilled their BoP.

Back to you, RM.

  1. Joel Feinberg and Hyman Gross, eds., Philosophy of Law, 2nd ed., (Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, 1980), p. 286
  2. D. A. Carson, “Atonement in Romans 3:21-26,” in The Glory of the Atonement: Biblical, Historical, and Practical Perspectives, ed. Charles E. Hill and Frank A. James III (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 2004), p. 133

Con
WARNING I am not religious and have little respect for the absurd fairytales people believe, in real life in a professional and social environment I'm willing to chastise my mouth and feign respect for the nonsense that I'm blackmailed to show 'respect' to but please understand that this is a competitive debate and I am not obligated to speak to Christians about their religion with deep respect while tearing a central idea in it to pieces. Let me have my fun and forgive me, cheers Christians.

I obviously disagree with the framework Pro has offered but I cannot attack it without risking violating the rebuttal rule, in fact I have realised that every single part of my constructive is fundamentally a rebuttal to Pro's framework so I ask you to accept this as coincidental. I wish to prove 4 things that simultaneously challenge and tear apart the framework Pro offers:

  1. If you are a good Christian, you should be severely bemused by the idea of God using either his own body or son for the suicide-by-persecution arrangement that unfolded, primarily due to the omniscience of God.
  2. The entire idea is so utterly dumbfounded and irrational that there is no polite way to explore how absurd it is than to rip Christian ethical framework to pieces.
  3. This will have parallels to point 1 but essentially Jesus is either a severely abused and gaslit son of God or is impossible, either way around the PSA was sadistic and immoral under Christian ethics specifically due to how God treats Jesus in the situation and the way Jesus is duped.
  4. This has parallels to point 3 and point 1 but even point 2, the focus is that the duping of both Adam and Eve and later Jesus as well as all humans prior to Jesus and who grow up since Jesus with insufficient exposure to Christianity mean God's entire test of reality is broken and ethically untenable to be drawing conclusions on a human's soul/spirit.

I will actually like to prove 1, 3 and 4 in a simple rant of sorts, if I structure it better, it only looks more like a rebuttal to Pro's case which is very difficult to avoid. I will save sourcing, exploring Bible verses and historical analysis of the death of Jesus for Round 2 depending how rebuttals are deemed to optimally go, by me.

1, 3 and 4

Is the Christian God omniscient and omnipotent? Yes, he is described as being so (I implicitly challenge his existence and power being non-fictional though). When God formed the bodies, brains and even souls of Adam and Eve, he knew the snake would show, that Eve would eat the apple so on and so forth. The reason he had to have known is that to God there is no such thing as probability, he is never playing poker with cards hidden, it's all chess with an open board. God has complete information at all times about all variables and has the omnipotence to sway every single variable even if somehow his omnipotence had limitations in what it could perceive and predict.

Theists often will negate the idea of God being responsible for Eve's sins by the idea of 'free will' which is why I said, body, brain/mind and soul. That is a huge Kritik to their 'free will' scapegoat and drives home a point that does not require me to back atheism whatsoever. God makes the souls, knows their nature and has absolutely infinite precision and accuracy in knowing how they will respond to scenarios and react, in tandem with body and brain structure as well as hormones, to any stimuli, environment, situation so on and so forth that God provides them.

What I am accusing God of is the idea of God itself/himself being responsible for Eve sinning, responsible for all of our sins and this then leads us to ask was Jesus God in the flesh or an independent son sent to preach? If you have the 'god in the flesh' interpretation, it raises even more questions because how exactly did God inhibit himself and why was God of a particular race, body type and even gender/sex of human, why isn't God a hermaphrodite? Jesus (known back then as Yeshua) was a male, probably more Hewbrew and Indian looking than anything like the simply brunette caucasian type of bodily, facial and hair structure that we see.

Why was this the form of God? What exactly was the idea? Even more interesting is that if God is capable of undergoing wilful split personality disorder on command, are the rest of us actually just personas that God has inserted into? This entire notion tears apart the fabric of Christianity. Why did God then mutilate himself at will by wilfully ignoring his omniscient awareness of Judas and the plot? Also, why did God let Jews, Hindus (of the Shaivism and Vaishnavism variety) and plenty of pagan variations of faith exist deluded and having an unfair shot at the test that determines if they end up in Christian heaven or hell beforehand.

THIS IS NOT IRRELEVANT TO THE RESOLUTION, let me please explain to you why.

The idea of Jesus being crucified, especially if Jesus himself was just God putting on a fancy human costume and playing the role of 'son' while actually being God, is nothing more than theatric apology from God for screwing up big time and making us sin. If that is the case and Jesus dying was a masochistic apology, Christianity should be condoning self mutilation and suicide as means of apology and furthermore should be making clear that nobody actually can end up in Hell since God hurt himself to say sorry for screwing up. Also how did an omniscient and omnipotent being 'screw up'? Perhaps he gave into tempation and corruption but that makes something else really not work out...

Heaven and hell and the whole moral framework of Christianity get torn to pieces!

Let me rewind before I get distracted, we didn't explore the alternate scenario where if Jesus is not God and instead is an independent messiah and preacher that is the chosen son of God, what does it exactly mean? God would then have been an absolutely abusive father to his son, due to his omniscience making him aware and predicting everything and omnipotence making him at the very least a completely willing bystander to his beloved son undergoing severely unfair and undue things because some woman named Eve swallowed an apple...

In fact, please let me lead into point 2 here.

Further warning THE FOLLOWING HAS SLIGHT REFERENCES TO MATURE CONTENT (BOTH SEXUAL AND GORY) THERE'S NO OTHER WAY TO ME TO HIGHLIGHT the immorality involved than to explain the absurdity and severity.

Christianity cannot work unless we gloss over the PSA entirely. Most modern and intelligent pastors very carefully tread the topic of Jesus' sacrifice framing it instead as symbolic (as well as Eve's sin which on top of how Eve was made is just misogynistic spiteful fairytale, implying her being impulsive and eating an apple is why all humans should die and suffer... What absolute ethical absurdity?)

The idea is that prior to PSA, the sin of one woman and her boyfriend (oh yeah, did you think they were married? What happened to sex outside of marriage being wrong? Maybe that was what the apple symbolised, we will never know what really went down Eve's throat) we are punished forever, literally for them... Then God has his son (or God's flesh suit and split personality, it hasn't been confirmed) believe that he was sent to spread the good word of his father (or father persona) and then gets sniched on, brutally nailed to a cross (bleeding out from wounds and hanging on nails is excruciating, his bodyweight should actually have caused his hands to rip and to hang on stretched out skin and flesh...

In fact, the real death of Jesus if you know how Romans and Jews both worked wouldn't be his body respectfully left in a tomb, first vultures and such would scavenge his dead body, the guards would disrespectfully dump it somewhere until it got burnt for cremation but due it's possible that while on that pile some who liked him talked the authorities into getting his body into a cave... I just don't think it's realistic. The entire thing is absurd. 

The fact that his son (or split personality roleplaying as a son) had to undergo humiliation, isolation, persecution and all kinds of things to 'forgive' us and 'cleanse' us of the sins that primarily revolve around some women eating an apple... It's just absurd.

It would literally, not metaphorically but literally, be like me grabbing some random person, talking them into killing themselves and saying 'they died for your sins' and releasing every single prisoner that I could release since they no longer did their crimes. Why did I say random person? Jesus himself wasn't among the sinners... So...

Or, was he? I don't even follow because if Jesus was human and came out of the womb of Mary wasn't he stained with the sins of Eve and those who followed her too? By 'followed' I mean existed since then and sinned, apparently we all share blame so then how do we get judged as individuals and not a collective when at the gates with St. Paul and such and told whether we go straight to heaven, undergo rehabilitative purgatory or go straight to hell? I genuinely don't comprehend it.

What exactly were we cleansed of then? Was everybody after Eve sinned and prior to PSA via Jesus Crucifixion going to Hell? Did Jesus need to die for God to forgive us and consider some worthy of heaven? Did Jesus dying flip it around then and send everyone to heaven since we were cleansed of sin?

It's all so incoherent, I can't rebuke Pro until Round 2 as per debate structure but expect more researched and precise attacks there.
Round 2
Pro
Thanks, RM. 

OBSERVATIONS:

  • PRO reminds voters of PRO’s BoP: PRO must demonstrate that PSA is ethically tenable, that is, it is defensible to the point that it is not “obviously or demonstrably unjust.” Thus, for the purposes of this debate, as long as the question of PSA is sufficiently indeterminate to the voter, PRO has fulfilled their BoP. Similarly, if PRO can successfully sway voters that PSA is just, PRO has fulfilled their BoP.
  • CON offers four main premises that he seeks to prove. PRO observes that these premises essentially boil down to two main claims: first, that God has structured the order of reality in an unethical way, which by extension condemns PSA as unjust, and second, that the “arrangement” of PSA was unjust as it was “abusive” in nature.

    That said, the essence of CON’s case is simply this: “God’s ethical obligation was to structure the world such that PSA would never have been necessary.” PRO will respond to this claim. 
REFUTATIONS:

A/2 Irrelevancy.

PRO urges voters to drop the following statements from CON, as they are utterly irrelevant to the topic of our debate:
  • “...how exactly did God inhibit himself and why was God of a particular race, body type and even gender/sex of human, why isn't God a hermaphrodite? Jesus (known back then as Yeshua) was a male, probably more Hewbrew and Indian looking than anything like the simply brunette caucasian type of bodily, facial and hair structure that we see.
  • “Why was this the form of God? What exactly was the idea? Even more interesting is that if God is capable of undergoing wilful split personality disorder on command, are the rest of us actually just personas that God has inserted into? This entire notion tears apart the fabric of Christianity. Why did God then mutilate himself at will by wilfully ignoring his omniscient awareness of Judas and the plot? Also, why did God let Jews, Hindus (of the Shaivism and Vaishnavism variety) and plenty of pagan variations of faith exist deluded and having an unfair shot at the test that determines if they end up in Christian heaven or hell beforehand.”
A/2 “God made us sin, and therefore PSA is absurd.”

“Theists often will negate the idea of God being responsible for Eve's sins by the idea of 'free will' which is why I said, body, brain/mind and soul. That is a huge Kritik to their 'free will' scapegoat and drives home a point that does not require me to back atheism whatsoever. God makes the souls, knows their nature and has absolutely infinite precision and accuracy in knowing how they will respond to scenarios and react, in tandem with body and brain structure as well as hormones, to any stimuli, environment, situation so on and so forth that God provides them.

What I am accusing God of is the idea of God itself/himself being responsible for Eve sinning, responsible for all of our sins.”
CON uses God’s sovereignty and foresight as a basis of condemnation, stating that God is the ultimate actor responsible for the sins of each individual… And thus, God being “responsible” for evil’s existence, he has acted unjustly, and for him to die on our behalf is an “apology” for that mistake. A few things.

  • Compatibilism:
First, PRO reminds voters that, in order to explore the topic at hand fairly, both PRO and CON must deal with Christianity as presented in the Bible and as best understood by Christian theologians. Otherwise, CON is not debating the genuine doctrine of PSA at all, but rather a new doctrine of his own invention. 

Therefore, it is important that voters recognize that CON’s rigid, artificial dichotomy between human free will versus God’s predestination as the sole operative determinant in our choices and actions (e.g. in choosing whether to sin) does not align with what the Bible teaches.

Aside from the “free will only” camp and the “predestination only” camp, both unbiblical, there is the Biblical position of compatibilism. 

While it is true that, theologically speaking, all choices must be made under the framework of God’s sovereignty (or “plan”), any serious theologian should maintain that that reality does not encroach upon the freedom of each created being to choose willfully. The specific mechanics of how this works are said to be beyond human knowledge. 

“Promulgated originally from a philosophical viewpoint by the Greek Stoics and later by numerous philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes and David Hume, and from a theological viewpoint by theologians such as Augustine of Hippo and John Calvin, the compatibilist concept of free will states that though the free will of man seems irreconcilable with the proposition of determinism, they both do exist and are “compatible” with one another.”

Let’s demonstrate the validity of this viewpoint with Scripture. 

Proverbs 16:9 states: “The heart of man plans his way, but the Lord establishes his steps.” Man exercises his will to choose his path, but God helps direct him as he walks.

However, it can not be said that this direction and guidance crosses the line into coercion, especially regarding sin.

Consider James 1:13-16, which states: “Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am being tempted by God,” for God cannot be tempted with evil, and he himself tempts no one. But each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire. Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and sin when it is fully grown brings forth death. Do not be deceived, my beloved brothers.”

James argues that, while God may allow us to sin, he certainly does not tempt or entice us with sin. Thus, it is our own desire, our own “will” that leads to our sinning. 

CON will certainly object on some logical basis. “How can this doctrine be true? It is illogical!” 

Several responses. First, remember, this is not a debate of whether the Christian doctrine of PSA (or its associated doctrines) are true, logical or even coherent. This is a debate of whether they are patently unjust. Thus, any logical objection CON brings to dismiss this doctrine is outside the scope of this debate. CON must reconcile with the fact that this doctrine is present in the Bible and recognized by prominent theologians, whether it is logical or not. 

Second, recall that, just as the Trinity lies beyond human comprehension under Christian theology, so also does the relationship between God’s sovereignty and our free will. Remember that, as CON himself observes, the Christian God is omniscient. He retains infinite knowledge that far surpasses our own. God is also holy under Christian doctrine, meaning that he, as a perfect being, has a sense of justice, morality, logic, and rationality that far surpasses our own. He is infinite, we are finite. Thus, it should be completely expected that these sorts of truths (that is, truths relating to the deepest mechanics of how the universe is ordered metaphysically) should be far beyond our grasp. Therefore, no logical objection CON brings will be problematic for the Christian. 

All of this is important, because it means that, Biblically speaking, CON’s entire argument is based on a gross misinterpretation of how God relates to humanity. 

If humanity’s free will is not encroached upon by God even while God is sovereign, God can not be accused of being “responsible” for the sins of Eve and humanity as a whole. 

  • Meta-Ethics:
Even if voters do not buy Compatibilism as a response, and even if CON can somehow prove that God is the primary actor behind sin Biblically in spite of everything PRO has said, PRO’s Meta-Ethics point from R1 also resolves this perceived dilemma. 

RECALL & EXTEND: “Under the Christian perspective, moral law for humankind arises out of God’s command, and God’s command itself arises out of God’s own, invariable divine nature. Because of God Himself being the standard of morality, the Christian argues that God’s justice is necessitated and assumed by virtue of his Godhood, thus rendering any action he partakes in beyond human scrutiny. Thus, one ethical defense of the atonement is simply that it lies beyond human scrutiny. If this sounds like a simple cop-out, consider that human fallibility is highly assumed in Christianity.”

RECALL & EXTEND: “it should be completely expected that these sorts of truths (that is, truths relating to the deepest mechanics of how the universe is ordered metaphysically) should be far beyond our grasp. Therefore, no logical objection CON brings will be problematic for the Christian.”

CON may object to God’s behavior, yet due to this doctrine the atonement remains ethically defensible. 

  • Philosophical Considerations:
Even if voters buy nothing PRO has said thus far, and even if voters buy CON’s argument that God is responsible for evil, God can still be justified through some philosophical considerations. 

First, God may have allowed evil’s presence in the universe simply because “good” is meaningless without it. How can we have any conception of what is “good” without also knowing (or having made manifest) its opposite? How can there be any truth without there also being falsehoods? Voters should recognize that, in order for God to make “goodness” of any ultimate value, “evil” was a necessity. 

Second, throughout the Bible, there is a constant theme of God, as the literal definition of “good,” revealing His character through Creation for His own glory. 

Romans 9:22-23 says: “What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy, which he has prepared beforehand for glory?”

Therefore, another plausible explanation to the issue of evil may be that the “good” of God glorifying Himself through evil’s presence is so potent that it outweighs the “bad” of evil’s presence in the universe. Perhaps, by allowing evil to exist, God is allowed to do the “greatest good” of demonstrating his mercy through PSA. This is not how we normally think, ethically speaking, but RECALL & EXTEND: “it should be completely expected that these sorts of truths (that is, truths relating to the deepest mechanics of how the universe is ordered metaphysically) should be far beyond our grasp. Therefore, no logical objection CON brings will be problematic for the Christian.”

A/2 The “Alternate Scenario.”

RECALL & EXTEND: “PRO reminds voters that, in order to explore the topic at hand fairly, both PRO and CON must deal with Christianity as presented in the Bible and as best understood by Christian theologians. Otherwise, CON is not debating the genuine doctrine of PSA at all, but rather a new doctrine of his own invention.”

On this basis, CON’s “alternate scenario” of “Jesus is not God and instead is an independent messiah and preacher that is the chosen son of God” can be dismissed outright without further discussion. No orthodox Christian holds (or ought to hold) that position (Colossians 2:9 states that “whole fullness of deity dwells bodily” within Jesus).

A/2 Original Sin Strawman.

“The idea is that prior to PSA, the sin of one woman and her boyfriend (oh yeah, did you think they were married? What happened to sex outside of marriage being wrong? Maybe that was what the apple symbolised, we will never know what really went down Eve's throat) we are punished forever, literally for them... “

This blurb from CON is non-topical, as this debate is not over whether the doctrine of Original Sin is just, but whether PSA is just (with all other doctrines assumed). 

Even if voters don’t buy this,
RECALL & EXTEND: “PRO reminds voters that, in order to explore the topic at hand fairly, both PRO and CON must deal with Christianity as presented in the Bible and as best understood by Christian theologians. Otherwise, CON is not debating the genuine doctrine of PSA at all, but rather a new doctrine of his own invention.”

Unfortunately for CON, he grossly misrepresents this doctrine. Original Sin does not state that humanity is condemned to Hell because Eve ate an apple. Original Sin states that the parental figures (the original representatives of humanity) of humankind chose to reject God (defying His commands in spite of God duly warning them of the consequences) and that out of that rejection, humanity as a whole has been judged. PRO points out to voters that, Biblically speaking, Adam and Eve’s initial status as the representatives for humankind means that their rejection of God constituted humanity’s rejection of God. 

CON may reply that a punishment that extends to the rest of humanity is still disproportionate to the crime. PRO argues that the punishment of God was proportional on the basis of Adam & Eve’s level of responsibility. Not only were Adam and Eve tasked with being humanity’s representatives, but they were sinless beings who knew God personally. Therefore, their rejection of Him was all the more severe. 

Regardless, again, voters should prefer orthodox Christian doctrine over CON’s strawmen. 

A/2 The Gory Details.

CON gives a long description of the gory details of crucifixion. In and of itself, this does not constitute an argument. RECALL & EXTEND PRO’s case concerning the crucifixion event.

Further, PRO reminds CON and voters that we are going off of the Biblical description of the crucifixion event. Jesus’ body was not ravaged by vultures in the Bible. 

“The fact that his son (or split personality roleplaying as a son) had to undergo humiliation, isolation, persecution and all kinds of things to 'forgive' us and 'cleanse' us of the sins that primarily revolve around some women eating an apple... It's just absurd.”

RECALL & EXTEND PRO’s case concerning the crucifixion event. PRO reminds CON and voters that, while Original Sin may have corrupted humanity, this was a self-imposed punishment on the part of humanity, and we do indeed choose sin out of our own desire (James 1:13-16), meaning that our guilt before God is justified. 

A/2 Questions Concerning Jesus and Judgment:

“It would literally, not metaphorically but literally, be like me grabbing some random person, talking them into killing themselves and saying 'they died for your sins' and releasing every single prisoner that I could release since they no longer did their crimes. Why did I say random person? Jesus himself wasn't among the sinners... So...
Or, was he? I don't even follow because if Jesus was human and came out of the womb of Mary wasn't he stained with the sins of Eve and those who followed her too?”
RECALL & EXTEND: “PRO reminds voters that, in order to explore the topic at hand fairly, both PRO and CON must deal with Christianity as presented in the Bible and as best understood by Christian theologians. Otherwise, CON is not debating the genuine doctrine of PSA at all, but rather a new doctrine of his own invention.”

On this basis, CON’s suggestion that Jesus may not have been sinless (however illogical he thinks that is) can be rejected outright.

“apparently we all share blame so then how do we get judged as individuals and not a collective when at the gates with St. Paul and such and told whether we go straight to heaven, undergo rehabilitative purgatory or go straight to hell? I genuinely don't comprehend it.”
Non-topical. 

“…Was everybody after Eve sinned and prior to PSA via Jesus Crucifixion going to Hell?...Did Jesus dying flip it around then and send everyone to heaven since we were cleansed of sin?”
Although I doubt CON seriously wanted an answer for these questions, Biblically speaking, the answer to the first is that those who lived before the events of PSA unfolded are still saved (given their own faith in God) by PSA because its effects are not temporally bound. Romans 4:3 says: “For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.”

The answer to the second question is that, no, salvation is not universally given, as salvation is a gift that one can either accept or reject. Mark  16:16: “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.”

Summary:

RECALL & EXTEND: “PRO reminds voters of PRO’s BoP: PRO must demonstrate that PSA is ethically tenable, that is, it is defensible to the point that it is not “obviously or demonstrably unjust.” Thus, for the purposes of this debate, as long as the question of PSA is sufficiently indeterminate to the voter, PRO has fulfilled their BoP. Similarly, if PRO can successfully sway voters that PSA is just, PRO has fulfilled their BoP.”

Much of CON’s case is either non-topical or uses strawmanned doctrine. And for what remains, it fails utterly to demonstrate that PSA is “obviously or demonstrably unjust.” Thus far, PRO has fulfilled their BoP. 

Back to you, RM.


Con
I remind all readers that just because Pro says something, doesn't mean it's true. Just because Pro tells you all Christians believe something about Adam and Eve doesn't mean that's the correct interpretation.

I will put effort into keeping my countercase concise since that is what Pro seems dedicated to as well.

Pro's framework is flawed. If Christians support an ethically untenable thing, it is ethically untenable even if they all support it. Furthermore, if I can prove their own ethical framework in other areas contradicts the entire purpose and viability of PSA, I have proven that they are wrong about their own ethics being tenable in the first place.

Ethical tenability ought to rely on the framework that within that ethical realm there is a logical and justifiable way for the actions in PSA to match coherently and consistently with the rest of the ethics that you, as a reader, can say is correct and tenable to uphold for a Christian.

For instance, if God punishes himself in human form there is already a huge dilemma that Pro seems to gloss over consistently; the sacrifice was not really a sacrifice.

This character Jesus was basically a sockpuppet that god played like if the creator of a game with a lot of AI made his own manually controlled character. That is the only possible way that Jesus could be God in the flesh, there is no other way and anything Pro tells you otherwise ignores the very premise of Jesus being God in the flesh as opposed to a separate entity that is God's son and has his own soul and free will.

It can't be 2 ways, that is totally and utterly untenable. The fact we keep getting mixed messages on what Jesus is, even references to him being a starry being and fiery like Lucifer (the morningstar) mean there are so many strange hints and contradictions about who Jesus may be in the Bible but we can agree there is a consensus that ultimately he's just God playing a human characer/role.

I wish to cast doubt on Pro claiming that anything deontological is made clearer by PSA, instead it is an event of extreme obscurity, hypocrisy and unfortunately... ethical hilarity and irony.

Stage 1: What and who is Jesus in relation to the Christian paradigm?

Jesus as morning star:

Isaiah 14:12
“How you have fallen from heaven,
O star of the morning, son of the dawn!
You have been cut down to the earth,
You who have weakened the nations!

2 Peter 1:19
So we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts.

Job 38:7
When the morning stars sang together
And all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Revelation 22:16
“I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.

Revelation 2:28
and I will give him the morning star.

Numbers 24:17
“I see him, but not now;
I behold him, but not near;
A star shall come forth from Jacob,
A scepter shall rise from Israel,
And shall crush through the forehead of Moab,
And tear down all the sons of Sheth.
Lucifer the morningstar:
If this passage contains a reference to the fall of Lucifer, then the pattern of this passage would seem to fit that of the Ezekiel 28 reference—that is, first a human leader is described, and then the dual reference is made to a human leader and Satan.
It is significant that the language used to describe this fits other passages in the Bible that speak about Satan. For example, the five “I wills” in Isaiah 14 indicate an element of pride, which was also evidenced in Ezekiel 28:17 (cf. 1 Timothy 3:6 which makes reference to Satan’s conceit).
As a result of this heinous sin against God, Lucifer was banished from living in heaven (Isaiah 14:12). He became corrupt, and his name changed from Lucifer (“morning star”) to Satan (“adversary”). His power became completely perverted (Isaiah 14:12,16,17). And his destiny, following the second coming of Christ, is to be bound in a pit during the 1000-year millennial kingdom over which Christ will rule (Revelation 20:3), and eventually will be thrown into the lake of fire (Matthew 25:41). 

Is PSA Lucifer coming down as Jesus to get back into God's good books and be forgiven? Perhaps that is why Jesus only refers to Satan and the Devil (perhaps a darker side to God himself) and never once to Lucifer. Perhaps he is referring to his own split personality, that would make sense if Jesus is God as well as Lucifer and thus Satan on top. Which is a theory I personally have had for a while.

The problem is not only if Jesus is Lucifer, it's who and what Jesus even is. Is he a messenger? Is he the one to worship? Is he a prophet or more of an archangel? None of these are answered, the only thing apparent is while in the form of Yeshua on Earth he is not in angel form.

Jesus either being a delusional egomaniac or correctly informing us that he is just God playing a characer/role more concretely than any other verses and book within the Bible:
5“Lord,” said Thomas, “we do not know where You are going, so how can we know the way?”
6Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me. 7If you had known Me, you would know My Father as well. From now on you do know Him and have seen Him.”
8Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and that will be enough for us.”
9Jesus replied, “Philip, I have been with you all this time, and still you do not know Me? Anyone who has seen Me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me? The words I say to you, I do not speak on My own. Instead, it is the Father dwelling in Me, performing His works. 11Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me—or at least believe on account of the works themselves.
12Truly, truly, I tell you, whoever believes in Me will also do the works that I am doing. He will do even greater things than these, because I am going to the Father. 13And I will do whatever you ask in My name, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14If you ask Med for anything in My name, I will do it.

The problem of this split personality concept isn't that Christianity can't function if God is playing a role as Jesus, instead it's that PSA then is God not being deceived by Judas at all, it's God engineering his own demise.

Stage 2: Christian God literally has no limit to its omniscience and omnipotence. He let himself get backstabbed by Judas as a show, theatre if you will.

Omnipotence:
Matthew 19:26
And looking at them Jesus said to them, “With people this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”

Genesis 18:14
Is anything too difficult for the Lord? At the appointed time I will return to you, at this time next year, and Sarah will have a son.”

Job 42:1-2
Then Job answered the Lord and said, “I know that You can do all things,
And that no purpose of Yours can be thwarted.

Isaiah 26:4-5
“Trust in the Lord forever,
For in God the Lord, we have an everlasting Rock.
“For He has brought low those who dwell on high, the unassailable city;
He lays it low, He lays it low to the ground, He casts it to the dust.

Luke 1:37
For nothing will be impossible with God.”

Acts 26:8
Why is it considered incredible among you people if God does raise the dead?

Jeremiah 32:27
“Behold, I am the Lord, the God of all flesh; is anything too difficult for Me?”

Psalm 147:5Great is our Lord, and abundant in power; his understanding is beyond measure.
1 John 3:20For whenever our heart condemns us, God is greater than our heart, and he knows everything.
Hebrews 4:13   And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account.
Proverbs 15:3  The eyes of the Lord are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.
Jeremiah 1:5 ESV / 253 helpful votes “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; I appointed you a prophet to the nations.”
Isaiah 40:28 ESV / 241 helpful votes Have you not known? Have you not heard? The Lord is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He does not faint or grow weary; his understanding is unsearchable.
Acts 1:24 ESV / 216 helpful votes And they prayed and said, “You, Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which one of these two you have chosen
Matthew 10:30 ESV / 216 helpful votes But even the hairs of your head are all numbered.
1 Chronicles 28:9 ESV / 215 helpful votes “And you, Solomon my son, know the God of your father and serve him with a whole heart and with a willing mind, for the Lord searches all hearts and understands every plan and thought. If you seek him, he will be found by you, but if you forsake him, he will cast you off forever.
Jeremiah 23:24 ESV / 189 helpful votes Can a man hide himself in secret places so that I cannot see him? declares the Lord. Do I not fill heaven and earth? declares the Lord.
Romans 11:33-36 ESV / 168 helpful votes Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! “For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?” “Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?” For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.
Psalm 147:4 ESV / 164 helpful votes He determines the number of the stars; he gives to all of them their names.
Isaiah 40:13-14 ESV / 154 helpful votes Who has measured the Spirit of the Lord, or what man shows him his counsel? Whom did he consult, and who made him understand? Who taught him the path of justice, and taught him knowledge, and showed him the way of understanding?
Job 28:24 ESV / 145 helpful votes For he looks to the ends of the earth and sees everything under the heavens.
Romans 11:33 ESV / 138 helpful votes Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!
Isaiah 46:9-10  Remember the former things of old; for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like me, declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose,’
Isaiah 42:9  Behold, the former things have come to pass, and new things I now declare; before they spring forth I tell you of them.”
Psalm 139:1-4  To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David. O Lord, you have searched me and known me! You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar. You search out my path and my lying down and are acquainted with all my ways. Even before a word is on my tongue, behold, O Lord, you know it altogether.
Psalm 139:4 ESV / 128 helpful votes Even before a word is on my tongue, behold, O Lord, you know it altogether.
Psalm 147:4-5 ESV / 123 helpful votes He determines the number of the stars; he gives to all of them their names. Great is our Lord, and abundant in power; his understanding is beyond measure.
Jeremiah 29:11 For I know the plans I have for you, declares the Lord, plans for welfare and not for evil, to give you a future and a hope.
Psalm 139:1-6  To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David. O Lord, you have searched me and known me! You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar. You search out my path and my lying down and are acquainted with all my ways. Even before a word is on my tongue, behold, O Lord, you know it altogether. You hem me in, behind and before, and lay your hand upon me. ...
John 21:17 He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time, “Do you love me?” and he said to him, “Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you.” Jesus said to him, “Feed my sheep.
Psalm 56:8 You have kept count of my tossings; put my tears in your bottle. Are they not in your book?
Job 34:21 “For his eyes are on the ways of a man, and he sees all his steps.
Job 37:16 Do you know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge,
Matthew 6:8  Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.

Ultimately, what I am getting at here is that the entire Adam and Eve story is irrelevant to the PSA. It is in fact part of the ethical untenability.

God knew what Adam and Eve would do with the apple, he knew about the snake, he knew of Lucifer and Judas and all of it before it even unfolded and allowed it to happen, intentionally. He is also responsible for their creation, body, brain, soul, life experiences and all.

There is absolutely nothing going on here that isn't sheer theatre and that leads me swiftly to stage 3.

Stage 3: You cannot possibly punish Jesus for all human sins if free will exists and heave and hell system of justice is ETHICALLY TENABLE!

Sometimes Christianity preaches that no matter what you did all you need is to ask for forgiveness and poof you're forgiven:

1 John 1:9

“If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”

Hebrews 8:12
“For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.”

So... Why was PSA needed at all? Because Adam and Eve did something stupid that means all other humans did? Then are we all collectively sent to hell and heaven?

At other times it tells us that we are responsible individually, judged solely on our own deeds:

Leviticus 5:17
If anyone sins, doing any of the things that by the Lord’s commandments ought not to be done, though he did not know it, then realizes his guilt, he shall bear his iniquity (Lev 5:17).

Deuteronomy 24:16
Fathers shall not be put to death because of their children, nor shall children be put to death because of their fathers. Each one shall be put to death for his own sin (Deut 24:16).

Job 19:4
And even if it be true that I have erred, my error remains with myself (Job 19:4).

Proverbs 9:12
If you are wise, you are wise for yourself; f you scoff, you alone will bear it (Pr 9:12).

Jeremiah 31:29-30
In those days they shall no longer say: The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children’s teeth are set on edge. But everyone shall die for his own iniquity. Each man who eats sour grapes, his teeth shall be set on edge (Jr 31:29-30).

Ezekiel 18:20
The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not suffer for the iniquity of the father, nor the father suffer for the iniquity of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself (Ez 18:20).

Ezekiel 33:6
But if the watchman sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet, so that the people are not warned, and the sword comes and takes any one of them, that person is taken away in his iniquity, but his blood I will require at the watchman’s hand (Ez33:6).

Matthew 12:36-37
I tell you, on the day of judgment people will give account for every careless word they speak, for by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned (Mt 12:36-37).

Romans 14:12
So then each of us will give an account of himself to God (Ro 14:12).

2 Corinthians 5:10
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil (2 Co 5:10).

Galatians 6:4-5
But let each one test his own work, and then his reason to boast will be in himself alone and not in his neighbor. For each will have to bear his own load (Ga 6:4-5).

1 Timothy 5:8
But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever (1 Timothy 5:8).

Hebrews 13:17
Obey your leaders and submit to them, for they are keeping watch over your souls, as those who will have to give an account. Let them do this with joy and not with groaning, for that would be of no advantage to you (Heb13:17).


So, it should then be impossible and ethically untenable for firstly the original sin to have led to God punishing the rest of us and later lead to PSA alleviating us all of our sins. You are never judged on a collective in Christianity, you are on a personal, individual test and judgement system where at the end, prior to afterlife God judges you solely on your own actions.

This means that PSA is not only unnecessarily sadistic but is pointless.

The actual idea behind it is somebody committing suicide and self-harming so that the rest of us can be better off. It is akin to Satanic cult sacrifice rituals.
Round 3
Pro
Thx RM.

This will be relatively brief.

Uncontested Points:

CON has chosen not to clash with virtually all of PRO’s case and most of PRO’s R2. There are only a couple points of real contention as of now (that PRO shall address later)...

Thus, as PRO’s R1, and much of PRO’s R2 has more or less been ignored by CON until now, and because this will be PRO’s last chance to respond, on this basis, the voter can consider the following points as dropped & conceded:

  • PRO’s BoP:PRO must demonstrate that PSA is ethically tenable, that is, it is defensible to the point that it is not “obviously or demonstrably unjust.” Thus, for the purposes of this debate, as long as the question of PSA is sufficiently indeterminate to the voter, PRO has fulfilled their BoP. Similarly, if PRO can successfully sway voters that PSA is just, PRO has fulfilled their BoP.”
  • PRO’s statement that: “in order to explore the topic at hand fairly, both PRO and CON must deal with Christianity as presented in the Bible and as best understood by Christian theologians. Otherwise, CON is not debating the genuine doctrine of PSA at all, but rather a new doctrine of his own invention.”
  • PRO’s argument regarding Meta-Ethics: “Under the Christian perspective, moral law for humankind arises out of God’s command, and God’s command itself arises out of God’s own, invariable divine nature. Because of God Himself being the standard of morality, the Christian argues that God’s justice is necessitated and assumed by virtue of his Godhood, thus rendering any action he partakes in beyond human scrutiny. Thus, one ethical defense of the atonement is simply that it lies beyond human scrutiny. If this sounds like a simple cop-out, consider that human fallibility is highly assumed in Christianity.
& “it should be completely expected that these sorts of truths (that is, truths relating to the deepest mechanics of how the universe is ordered metaphysically) should be far beyond our grasp. Therefore, no logical objection CON brings will be problematic for the Christian.”
  • PRO’s argument regarding the framework of threshold deontology:
    “In other words, given moral considerations of a certain weight, the rigid axioms of deontology can be permissibly suspended, such that party A’s unjust treatment of party B would be justified in the cosmic court of law in favor of minimizing other, disastrous moral ramifications.”
& “While Jesus may have been unjustly treated, the totality of God’s behavior was justified within the framework of the cosmic moral system He established because of the sheer weight of certain situational factors. The voluntary and consensual nature of Jesus’ treatment, His status as both Judge and victim, [Jesus’ subsequent glorification and exaltation as King of Kings and Lord of Lords as recompense] and the paramount task of dispensing salvation to all of mankind to avoid their collective demise are all key factors that make Jesus’ treatment justified.”

Therefore, as these points stand uncontested, CON has resigned himself to using PRO’s deontological framework and to admitting that he ought not strawman Christian doctrine. The only way CON can win is by demonstrating that there were additional situational factors to PSA so heinous that they effectively override the factors PRO has listed above, or by demonstrating that his own presentation of the PSA event is in fact, not a strawmanned version of Christian doctrine, but the orthodox view.

CON has done neither, and because he can not respond with new points of contention (as this is PRO’s final round), PRO’s win is ensured.

Final Remarks:

Now for some final remarks.

“Pro's framework is flawed. If Christians support an ethically untenable thing, it is ethically untenable even if they all support it. Furthermore, if I can prove their own ethical framework in other areas contradicts the entire purpose and viability of PSA, I have proven that they are wrong about their own ethics being tenable in the first place.

Ethical tenability ought to rely on the framework that within that ethical realm there is a logical and justifiable way for the actions in PSA to match coherently and consistently with the rest of the ethics that you, as a reader, can say is correct and tenable to uphold for a Christian.”
CON grossly misses the point. PRO is not saying that, by virtue of popularity, a Christian doctrine is ergo ethical. PRO is simply stating that, in order to properly examine the question of whether a Christian doctrine is ethical, we ought to understand the doctrine as the Christian would. CON has been repeatedly setting up and shooting down a twisted, strawmanned version of Christianity, rather than engaging the topic in good faith (pun intended).

For instance, CON’s suggestions that Jesus could potentially be Lucifer, among other trinitarian heresies, while ultimately irrelevant (as Christian doctrine not making sense to CON does not translate to it being unethical in any form or fashion), are strawmen of the highest caliber. 

RECALL & EXTEND: “…remember, this is not a debate of whether the Christian doctrine of PSA (or its associated doctrines) are true, logical or even coherent. This is a debate of whether they are patently unjust. Thus, any logical objection CON brings to dismiss this doctrine is outside the scope of this debate. CON must reconcile with the fact that this doctrine is present in the Bible and recognized by prominent theologians, whether it is logical or not. 

Second, recall that, just as the Trinity lies beyond human comprehension under Christian theology, so also does the relationship between God’s sovereignty and our free will. Remember that, as CON himself observes, the Christian God is omniscient. He retains infinite knowledge that far surpasses our own. God is also holy under Christian doctrine, meaning that he, as a perfect being, has a sense of justice, morality, logic, and rationality that far surpasses our own. He is infinite, we are finite. Thus, it should be completely expected that these sorts of truths (that is, truths relating to the deepest mechanics of how the universe is ordered metaphysically) should be far beyond our grasp. Therefore, no logical objection CON brings will be problematic for the Christian.”

For the remainder of CON’s R2, regarding the dilemma between God’s sovereignty and human free will, as well as regarding the substitutionary punishment of Jesus despite His innocence, CON fails to present anything PRO has not already responded to adequately. Voters can simply cross-apply PRO’s R1 & R2.


RECALL & EXTEND: PRO’s R1.

Back to you, RM. 

Con
My entire case fundamentally contests Pro's point. Whether or not something is deontologically revealing or not, it can be ethically untenable... This is just word games Pro is playing, my case cuts Pro's entire religious framework at its core by juxtaposing a lot of it to PSA and making it untenable within (and excluding) Christian ethics.

Imagine this debate flipped around, meaning I am pro that it's ethically untenable, that is basically what has happened. I have actually shouldered slightly more burden of proof onto myself. I am actively proving untenability where Pro would prefer I solely attack his supposed 'tenability' which isn't what was really offered.

Pro gave you a lot of poetic filler/waffle speech in Round 1 and 2 even, it addressed the 'deontological' significance of the PSA.

The word deontology derives from the Greek words for duty (deon) and science (or study) of (logos). In contemporary moral philosophy, deontology is one of those kinds of normative theories regarding which choices are morally required, forbidden, or permitted. In other words, deontology falls within the domain of moral theories that guide and assess our choices of what we ought to do (deontic theories), in contrast to those that guide and assess what kind of person we are and should be (aretaic [virtue] theories). And within the domain of moral theories that assess our choices, deontologists—those who subscribe to deontological theories of morality—stand in opposition to consequentialists.

If you look past the fancy word, all Pro said was negated by me directly, via my case. My thesis is that it is not deontological at all, since it is anti-deontological to kill someone for the sins of others and equally absurd to deontologically punish all humanity for what some chick Eve did with her throat and swallowing something Adam enjoyed...

It's all a bit iffy. Temptation, snakes and all that and then self-harm and suicide for others. Both ends of the PSA spectrum are deontologically absurd and ethically untenable in Christianity and outside of it in all honesty.

In Christianity, you end up judged alone, I showed in Round 2 that it pushes forth that you are judged on your own sins and own contributions. If you're the least generous member of a generous group, you're probably getting judged as a relative sinner and if you're the most generous of a group of scumbags, who helps the others regularly and shows mercy to the victims of your gang, you're probably viable for heaven.

Christianity never suggests that being part of a group known for its morality is how to get into heaven (well, except Christians or your sect itself). It strongly pushes forward the idea that you answer for your own sins and that your own repentance is the key to forgiveness, it has nothing to do with Eve and Adam giving into temptation or Yeshua/Jesus being a human-double for God and sacrificing himself.

It's all theatrics, absurd on an ethical level in every way.

It is not encouraged to harm yourself to free others of their sins and certainly not to risk suicidal antics in order to be some pariah turned messiah. There are direct violations of Chrisitan ethics going on with the PSA.