Systemic Racism Fundamentally Causes Health Care Disparities in the US
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They say the more specific a debate is, the easier it is to win. Let's see if my health care point was correct or not.
Institutional racism, also known as systemic racism, is a form of racism that is embedded as normal practice within society or an organization. It can lead to such issues as discrimination in criminal justice, employment, housing, health care, political power, and education, among other issues.
Health Care Disparity information: "Although the term disparities is often interpreted to mean racial or ethnic disparities, many dimensions of disparity exist in the United States, particularly in health. If a health outcome is seen to a greater or lesser extent between populations, there is disparity. Race or ethnicity, sex, sexual identity, age, disability, socioeconomic status, and geographic location all contribute to an individual’s ability to achieve good health. It is important to recognize the impact that social determinants have on health outcomes of specific populations" [https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Disparities]
Fundamentally: Systemic Racism inevitably leads to health care disparity (even if it may not be the sole cause or main cause)
Con cannot use the bible, simulation-ism (argument that the world is merely a simulation), or quantum physics
Coal cannot accept this debate.
Burden of proof is shared.
Before delving into the most political side of systemic racism, it’s important to think about why people have unconscious biases in the United States on a large level. From the study “Polluting Black Space” from the Standford University, Eberhardt demonstrates that the physical spaces that were associated with Blacks attributed to the negative racial stereotypes. [PSY1] Through the assumption that they are impoverished, crime-ridden, and dirty, we ironically perpetuate our stereotype. We have all heard of the Golem Effect, where assuming negative outcomes leads to a self-fulfilling prophecy. Indeed, the study finds that the stereotypes contribute to the racial disparity in wealth and even overexposure to pollution.
As this is not a mainly psychological topic, I will only provide key takeaways from the article. Researchers explain that personal perceptions have feedback in terms of social reactions. In particular, people will distance themselves from each other, and view their surroundings as tainted.
- More Health issues, existing even in Artificial Intelligence, "such that Black patients assigned the same level of risk by the algorithm are sicker than White patients". [HC8] Scientific Magazine also stacks upon an agreement: "Algorithms designed to make decisions about health care incorporate biases that limit care for Black patients." [HC9] Hence the structure of the health care decisions is inappropriate and unjust.
- The government has FAILED to implement the existing equalities and rights. This is backed by credible sources and the idea that the private sector does whatever it wants due to a lack of laws and regulations. "Racial disparities in health outcomes ... can be seen in the prevalence of chronic health conditions...and police brutality. Furthermore, unequal access to quality health care disproportionately burdens communities of color and exacerbates racial disparities.
- “The COVID-19 pandemic has unveiled these inequities… the federal government’s failure to adequately collect race and ethnicity data on COVID-19 testing, hospitalization, and deaths." [HC10] With the government failing to take action in favor of minorities, health inequalities increase. We must take action here and now on a nationwide level to continue saving these innocent lives.
- This is not only supported by the collection of data but the real-world news. Yet another study highlighted that during COVID, "the crude death rate for Black Americans is more than double that for all other racialized groups. When adjusted for age, the risk of death from COVID‐19 [is] nine times higher for African Americans than it is for whites" [HC11]. Indeed, we already see that the lack of sufficient care for minorities results in needless suffering.
- The large political, social, and economic forces combined are the sole explanation for the blacks, and con has no way to deny this. The expert explains that there is an undeniable correlation. The social forces shape up the toxic environment for the blacks to be unable to access health services. The synergy between the biology and the sociological processes combine to ruin the minorities. Like deja vu, we see additional problems within the COVID-19 situation alone. My researcher further explains, "in COVID‐19 treatment ...discrimination in healthcare settings adversely affects the management of chronic conditions like diabetes."
- Another expert's experiment proves that blacks even received better treatment under those who were more racially accepting than those who were not. Under current circumstances, the gap between white and black mortality is unacceptable -- even my research highlights that the gap could be reduced by up to 19% if we tackled systemic inequality. [HC12]
Fruit_Inspector:"Which way should your resolution be interpreted?Systemic racism exists today and is currently causing real health disparitiesORIf systemic racism exists in any time or context, it would theoretically cause health disparities" 
Gary Gerdemann, a spokesman for KFC, told Scripps Howard News Service that the campaign was an attempt to attract more black customers. “This is a marketing concept that was designed to put us closer to the communities we serve,” he said. “We started looking at our customer base and found an opportunity to align ourselves with the African American community.”
- The racism is so significant that minorities feel distressed and mental issues regarding the problem. "Elevated levels of Cultural Mistrust, Cultural Race-Related Stress, and Individual Race Related Stress lead to increased use of Emotion-Based Coping behaviors ...." [EDU1]
- "School to Prison" is a known term, where the schools cause the minority students to become ostracized. The extremely harsh punishments push them to become neglected and build upon their vulnerability, raising this point to the next level. [EDU5] As a result of this educational racism, a very high proportion of minorities are also dropping out of school. [EDU6] How does Con explain this, if this is not due to the problems I've listed?
Understandably, Con and many others feel the way they do. Some are simply not knowledgeable enough and only know about one side of the debate. But learning history and the truth paves a path towards greater understanding. As yet another study highlights, educating history lets us learn about how and why systemic racism exists today. The researchers stated, " Participants listened to ... the federal government’s role in creating Black ghettos, and how racialized space still perpetuates structural inequality today (cf. Bonam, et al 2015)", [SUM2] and as a result, they were able to further the battle against Systemic racism today, changing people's point of view for the better.
It is near impossible that so many experts and news articles would waste time about an already-resolved problem. It would be even more unlikely for major corporations and powerful people to invest in the name of equality. With so many credible people speaking up about systemic racism in the US, it’s undeniable that it is a significant problem.
My voters, friends, the time to act against systemic racism is here and now. Already, six corporations have donated millions to billions of dollars to fight the inherent bias within people. [SUM3] Police and judges have not self-reflected or educated themselves enough, and the evidence I have provided is as resounding as any scientific theory. To deny the existence of systemic racism is to deny the very effort to fight for equality, and potentially return to a world where white males dominated and minorities are snuffed out like a candle. It is true that the Supreme Court has established a baseline with Brown V Board of Education. But it takes more than 12 to change the world and to demonstrate the lack of systemic racism.
- White people cannot be the victims of systemic racism in any circumstance. Since systemic racism is caused by white people (or more specifically, the perpetuation of whiteness), they cannot be victims of their own oppression. In fact, any negative outcome would likely be viewed as a form of cosmic retribution carried out by the gods of social justice (I mean this figuratively...kind of).
- All racial disparities are caused by systemic racism, except those that are detrimental to white people. When white people benefit from the system, that proves the system is rigged in their favor and that systemic racism exists. Detrimental outcomes for white people are simply unintended consequences of their own oppression; while systemic racism did not cause these types of disparities, they still prove the existence of systemic racism. Conversely, detrimental outcomes for minorities prove the system is rigged against them and that systemic racism exists. When minorities experience positive outcomes, those are just unintended consequences of oppression that further prove the existence of systemic racism. So every outcome, whether good or bad, is proof that systemic racism exists. There are no alternatives.
- This leads us to conclude that systemic racism, as believed by PRO, is an undeniable epistemological truth. Rather than asking if a disparity was caused by systemic racism, we should start by asking how a disparity was caused by systemic racism. It is woven into all parts of society so that race becomes the predominant factor that defines every facet of our human experience.
- Do you believe that implementing laws or policies like these would help reduce or eliminate systemic racism, or at least mitigate the effects of it?
- Could these solutions possibly lead to the creation of a system where white people become the oppressed victims of systemic racism?
An in-depth paper explains that institutional racism has been a long cause of this wealth gap. The accumulated wealth from past family travels from generation to generation, propelling an unstoppable quest for a fortune for privileged people. The unique power of wealth ensures that "this intergenerational transmission create[s] an unequivocal link between the present and our racialized past of enslavement, extermination, and expropriation". [GAP1] In other words, the cycle of money loops back to help white males who are treated well and will be treated well, while the blacks who were treated poorly in the past are doomed to repeat their mistakes. The obstacles in the way inherently prevent them from reaching the goal.
If this wasn’t enough, a 2010 study conducted by Shapiro also agrees with the same idea. The difference between blacks and whites was not caused by market, family, personal attributes, but rather direct and indirect effects of discrimination, especially homeownership. [GAP2] The present housing discrimination overcomes the similar income and work history and results in our current economic disparity.
Even if readers don't buy this, I have another source that speaks of a vast social transformation as the main solution. Don't focus too much on the economic aspect. On a report of the wealth gap, the source opens up with "There are no actions that black Americans can take unilaterally that will have much of an effect on reducing the racial wealth gap" [GAP3]. Already, something is suspicious. If the wealth was caused by problems of capitalism, surely all you'd have to do would be work harder, or get lucky with education, or have connections. But no. This problem has gotten out of the hand of citizens. This is the true extent of the systemic level of racism.
Of course, this is not to say that racism is the sole cause of the disparities demonstrated in this paper. A famous paper from Sowell argues that statistical disparities are inherently common in the US and that the system alone doesn’t create barriers to economic prosperity. However, as fee.org also warns, “nobody is arguing that racial or ethnic discrimination has been eliminated”. [GAP4] In addition, Sowell’s main argument was against unnecessary government interventions, rather than addressing the vast mistreatment in different sectors. The mere economic standpoint is rather weak when measured up against my argument overall. His lack of engagement with current theory and empirical evidence ultimately falls short of disproving any part of my case.