Instigator / Pro
1584
rating
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debates
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won
Topic

Resolved: It is likely that China has violated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Status
Debating

Waiting for the contender's third argument.

The round will be automatically forfeited in:

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Parameters
More details
Publication date
Last update date
Category
Politics
Time for argument
One week
Voting system
Open voting
Voting period
One month
Point system
Four points
Rating mode
Rated
Characters per argument
8,000
Contender / Con
1500
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Description
~ 503 / 5,000

Resolved: It is likely that China has violated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the past.

Burden of proof is shared.

1. No new arguments are to be made in the final round.
2. Definitions are agreed upon and are not to be contested.
3. Rules are agreed upon and are not to be contested.
4. Sources can be hyperlinked or provided in the comment section.
5. A breach of rules 1-4 should result in a 1 point penalty.
6. No Kritiks.
7. A breach of rules 6-7 should result in an instant loss.

Round 1
Pro
Resolved: It is likely that China has violated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Preliminary I: What is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The following articles will be relevant to this debate. 

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Contention I: Forced organ harvesting

I.I Deductive Syllogism

p1 : If China harvests the organs of minorities, this is a violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
p2 : China harvests the organs of minorities. 
:China has violated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 
 
p1: P --> Q
p2: P
c:  Q
from P1 and P2, Modus Ponens.

I.I.1 p1 If China harvests the organs of minorities, this is a violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The organ harvesting of political opponents cannot be squared with articles III, V and IX. If it is proven that China harvests the organs of minorities, this will be a direct violation of of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 

I.II p2 China harvests the organs of minorities. 

I.II.1 Professional testimony


- The China Tribunal


- Sir Geoffrey Nice, Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia who led the prosecution of Serbia's former president Slobodan Milosevic.


- The Human Rights Council


- Health Europa Quarterly


- United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioners 

I.II.2 Discrepancy in known sources of organs  


The number of individuals sentenced to death and executed was far fewer than the number of transplants. As China does not have an organized system for organ matching, this raises questions about where organs are being sourced. Furthermore, many death row inmates have health conditions such as hepatitis B that would frequently disqualify them as organ donors. This suggests the existence of a secondary source for organs.


I.II.3 Discrimination of Falun Gong practitioners 

Falun Gong, which means “law wheel practice” in Chinese, is a set of meditation exercises and texts that preach the virtues of truth, benevolence and forbearance. Falun Gong combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy. The practice emphasizes morality and the cultivation of virtue, and identifies as a practice of the Buddhist school, though its teachings also incorporate elements drawn from Taoist traditions.

Former Chinese prisoners have also reported that Falun Gong practitioners consistently received the "longest sentences and worst treatment" in the camps, and that they are singled out for torture and abuse. [1][2]. In 2008, the U.S. Department of State cited estimates that half of China's official labour camp population of 250,000 were Falun Gong practitioners [3][4]. Moreover, the United Nations Special Rapporteur allege that 66 percent of Chinese victims who have likely faced torture were members of Falun Gong. 

I.III c China has violated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 

If premises 1&2 are true, the conclusion follows. As I have presented cumbersome evidence in support of these two premises, the conclusion holds. China has violated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 
Con
Forfeited
Round 2
Pro
In an effort to keep this fair, I'll waive this round. Hopefully my opponent is up for round 3. Here's a bunny for you. 

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Con
Forfeited
Round 3
Pro
Oh well. Yk what this means. 
Not published yet