Instigator / Con

Is gender a social construct?


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After 5 votes and with 19 points ahead, the winner is...

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Time for argument
Three days
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Two weeks
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Multiple criterions
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Round 1
Is gender a social construct? Some people (E.g. sjws, feminists, leftists, etc.) would say yes, it is. But, is this statement true? Is gender really a social construct, or is it biological?
Basing on the scientific evidence, the answer is no, gender is not a social construct, but it’s purely biological. While I can agree that certain aspects of gender can be said to be ‘social construct’, such as wearing of pants for example. However, not every difference between men and women are socially constructed, but rather have they origin in human biology. As of matter fact, there are brain difference between male and female brain, which will leave to different brain activity.
Refutation objections
“Gender and sex are not the same!"
Respond: No one is saying that there the same, it’s just said that their related to each other.
Gender is not a social construct, but it’s biological. In fact, the idea that it’s somehow a social construct, came from a con-artist named John Money.

I thank Pro (Dynasty) for having this debate today. In my argument, I will be presenting the case that gender is a social construct. However, before doing so, I will provide the definition of gender so that Pro and I are on the same page.

According to Oxford Dictionary [1], the definition of "gender" is:
Either of the two sexes (male and female), especially when considered with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones. The term is also used more broadly to denote a range of identities that do not correspond to established ideas of male and female.
Ok... so, according to Oxford Dictionary, gender refers to the social and cultural in nature, not biological. But maybe this is a fluke. Maybe Oxford is an anomaly in this case and other sources will disagree with Oxford. Let's try Merriam-Webster [2]:

2bthe behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated with one's sex
Ok. Merriam-Webster expands on this definition [3]:

The words sex and gender have a long and intertwined history. In the 15th century gender expanded from its use as a term for a grammatical subclass to join sex in referring to either of the two primary biological forms of a species, a meaning sex has had since the 14th century; phrases like "the male sex" and "the female gender" are both grounded in uses established for more than five centuries. In the 20th century sex and gender each acquired new uses. Sex developed its "sexual intercourse" meaning in the early part of the century (now its more common meaning), and a few decades later gender gained a meaning referring to the behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated with one sex, as in "gender roles."
Ok, so ever since gender acquired meanings different from each other, gender refers to the behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits the same way that gender roles do. But what does this mean? Merriam-Webster explains further:

Among those who study gender and sexuality, a clear delineation between sex and gender is typically prescribed, with sex as the preferred term for biological forms, and gender limited to its meanings involving behavioral, cultural, and psychological traits. In this dichotomy, the terms male and female relate only to biological forms (sex), while the terms masculine/masculinityfeminine/femininitywoman/girl, and man/boy relate only to psychological and sociocultural traits (gender).
Ok, so according to Merriam-Webster, in the modern sense of the terms: sex = biological, gender = psychological and sociocultural.

What about [4]

either the male or female division of a species, especially as differentiated by social and cultural roles and behavior.
Ok, same thing. But maybe I'm just arguing from semantics. Maybe my opponent is still right, that from a medical perspective, gender is biological. Let's see what the World Health Organization has to say [5]:

Gender refers to the socially constructed characteristics of women and men – such as norms, roles and relationships of and between groups of women and men. It varies from society to society and can be changed.
Well... maybe the WHO is just a leftist, feminist, SJW organization funded and manipulated by the Clintons and Rothschilds. What about expert testimonies from psychologists Britta N. Torgrimson and Christopher T. Minson? [6]

These words have specifically different etymologies and meanings. In the most basic sense, sex is biologically determined and gender is culturally determined.
Ok, so these psychologists also say that gender is culturally determined? What about others? Say, Stanford Medicine? [7]

And an increasing body of research suggests that the influence of a person’s biological sex on their health is just the tip of the iceberg. Hovering just beneath the surface is a mixture of behaviors, expectations, cultural norms and attitudes that together define a given individual’s gender.
They agree too? Well, I guess there isn't much more to say. 

I have shown, from a variety of sources (from dictionaries to psychologists to a medical journal), that gender (in its modern sense) is defined as a social construct, not a biological one. I will now allow my opponent to rebut the arguments I have laid forth. 
Round 2
I said gender and sex related to each other. I never said that their the same.
For this round, I will provide rebuttals to Pro's main points. 

In Pro's argument, he confuses the terms sex and gender. They are different terms describing different aspects. 

Gender, as defined by the sources provided last round, can be summarized as the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women .* 

*This exact definition is provided by the American Psychological Association [1], but all of the sources previously cited have the same idea in mind.

Sex, on the other hand, is defined as:

Oxford [2]:
Either of the two main categories (male and female) into which humans and most other living things are divided on the basis of their reproductive functions. 
Merriam-Webster [3]:
Either of the two major forms of individuals that occur in many species and that are distinguished respectively as female or male especially on the basis of their reproductive organs and structures. [4]:
Either the male or female division of a species, especially as differentiated with reference to the reproductive functions.
In all of these examples, one thing is clear: Sex refers to the biological aspects of male and female (described by reproductive functions) while gender refers to the social aspects that society imposes on men and women. In short, they are completely different concepts. Sex is biological, gender is social. 
Round 3
In Pro's argument, he confuses the terms sex and gender.
I never said that their the same. In fact, if you read on what I just said, you would know that I said that they are related to each other.
I never said that their the same. In fact, if you read on what I just said, you would know that I said that they are related to each other.
Yes... they are related, but not the same. They both relate to men and women, but sex refers to the biological aspects of the differences between the two, while gender refers to the social aspects. That is the entire crux of my argument.

Extend all other points.
Round 4
Yes... they are related, but not the same.
Ok, good. 
I rest my case.